Explicit kinetic heterogeneity: mechanistic models for interpretation of labeling data in heterogeneous populations

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Estimation of division and death rates of lymphocytes in different conditions is vital for quantitative understanding of the immune system. Deuterium, in the form of deuterated glucose or heavy water, can be used to measure rates of proliferation and death of lymphocytes in vivo. Inferring these rates from labeling and delabeling curves has been subject to considerable debate with different groups suggesting different mathematical models for that purpose. We show that the three models that are most commonly used are in fact mathematically identical and differ only in their interpretation of the estimated parameters. By extending these previous models, we ... continued below

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Ganusov, Vitaly V January 1, 2008.

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Estimation of division and death rates of lymphocytes in different conditions is vital for quantitative understanding of the immune system. Deuterium, in the form of deuterated glucose or heavy water, can be used to measure rates of proliferation and death of lymphocytes in vivo. Inferring these rates from labeling and delabeling curves has been subject to considerable debate with different groups suggesting different mathematical models for that purpose. We show that the three models that are most commonly used are in fact mathematically identical and differ only in their interpretation of the estimated parameters. By extending these previous models, we here propose a more mechanistic approach for the analysis of data from deuterium labeling experiments. We construct a model of 'kinetic heterogeneity' in which the total cell population consists of many sub-populations with different rates of cell turnover. In this model, for a given distribution of the rates of turnover, the predicted fraction of labeled DNA accumulated and lost can be calculated. Our model reproduces several previously made experimental observations, such as a negative correlation between the length of the labeling period and the rate at which labeled DNA is lost after label cessation. We demonstrate the reliability of the new explicit kinetic heterogeneity model by applying it to artificially generated datasets, and illustrate its usefulness by fitting experimental data. In contrast to previous models, the explicit kinetic heterogeneity model (1) provides a mechanistic way of interpreting labeling data; (2) allows for a non-exponential loss of labeled cells during delabeling, and (3) can be used to describe data with variable labeling length.

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  • Journal Name: PloS Computational Biology

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  • Report No.: LA-UR-08-07518
  • Report No.: LA-UR-08-7518
  • Grant Number: AC52-06NA25396
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 956601
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc932255

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  • January 1, 2008

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  • Nov. 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

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  • Dec. 9, 2016, 11:31 p.m.

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Ganusov, Vitaly V. Explicit kinetic heterogeneity: mechanistic models for interpretation of labeling data in heterogeneous populations, article, January 1, 2008; [New Mexico]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc932255/: accessed November 12, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.