Peristaltic particle transport using the Lattice Boltzmann method

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Peristaltic transport refers to a class of internal fluid flows where the periodic deformation of flexible containing walls elicits a non-negligible fluid motion. It is a mechanism used to transport fluid and immersed solid particles in a tube or channel when it is ineffective or impossible to impose a favorable pressure gradient or desirous to avoid contact between the transported mixture and mechanical moving parts. Peristaltic transport occurs in many physiological situations and has myriad industrial applications. We focus our study on the peristaltic transport of a macroscopic particle in a two-dimensional channel using the lattice Boltzmann method. We systematically ... continued below

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Connington, Kevin William; Kang, Qinjun; Viswanathan, Hari S; Abdel-fattah, Amr & Chen, Shiyi January 1, 2009.

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Peristaltic transport refers to a class of internal fluid flows where the periodic deformation of flexible containing walls elicits a non-negligible fluid motion. It is a mechanism used to transport fluid and immersed solid particles in a tube or channel when it is ineffective or impossible to impose a favorable pressure gradient or desirous to avoid contact between the transported mixture and mechanical moving parts. Peristaltic transport occurs in many physiological situations and has myriad industrial applications. We focus our study on the peristaltic transport of a macroscopic particle in a two-dimensional channel using the lattice Boltzmann method. We systematically investigate the effect of variation of the relevant dimensionless parameters of the system on the particle transport. We find, among other results, a case where an increase in Reynolds number can actually lead to a slight increase in particle transport, and a case where, as the wall deformation increases, the motion of the particle becomes non-negative only. We examine the particle behavior when the system exhibits the peculiar phenomenon of fluid trapping. Under these circumstances, the particle may itself become trapped where it is subsequently transported at the wave speed, which is the maximum possible transport in the absence of a favorable pressure gradient. Finally, we analyze how the particle presence affects stress, pressure, and dissipation in the fluid in hopes of determining preferred working conditions for peristaltic transport of shear-sensitive particles. We find that the levels of shear stress are most hazardous near the throat of the channel. We advise that shear-sensitive particles should be transported under conditions where trapping occurs as the particle is typically situated in a region of innocuous shear stress levels.

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  • Journal Name: Physics of Fluids; Journal Volume: 21; Journal Issue: 5

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  • Report No.: LA-UR-09-00259
  • Report No.: LA-UR-09-259
  • Grant Number: AC52-06NA25396
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.3111782 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 956514
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc932221

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  • January 1, 2009

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  • Nov. 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

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  • Dec. 12, 2016, 6:49 p.m.

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Connington, Kevin William; Kang, Qinjun; Viswanathan, Hari S; Abdel-fattah, Amr & Chen, Shiyi. Peristaltic particle transport using the Lattice Boltzmann method, article, January 1, 2009; [New Mexico]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc932221/: accessed December 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.