Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 234th week of the war, 116th week of U.S. participation Side: 1 of 2
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FOR THE ARMED FORCES
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234th Week of the War
116th Week of U. S. Participation
THE WAR FRONTS
WESTERN EUROPE: The Anglo -American air
offensive aimed at eliminating
German aircraft production was meeting marked success
following more than a week of the most concentrated
day and night bombing Germany had experienced.
Press dispatches quoted an official of the U. S. strategic
air forces in Europe as stating that as the result of the raids
during the week ending Feb. 27 Germany has lost her last
hope of maintaining a successful air defense. It was considered
impossible, the official stated, for Germany to maintain
a satisfactory balance between losses and replacements.
The effect of the Eighth USAAF working out of Britain
and the Fifteenth USAAF out of Italy was like an aerial
pincers that confronted Luftwaffe fighters with the problems
of a two-direction defense.
On February 23 the Fifteenth USAAF came up from
Italy to hit Steyr, in Austria. The same night the RAF
bombed Schweinfurt and the next day the same city was
hit by the largest force of aircraft ever sent into action by
the USAAF. The Eighth and Fifteenth joined in attacks
there, and on Gotha and Steyr,and came back next day
with blows at Regensburg, Stuttgart, Augsburg and Fuerth.
The extent to which Nazi air power has been weakened
was reflected in a heavy U. S. raid against the Messerschmitt
plants at Brunswick, Feb. 29. In this and other operations
in Northern France that day we lost a bomber and eight
Allied fighters. Three German fighters were destroyed.
U S R: Soviet troops made major gains on the Northern
front southwest of Leningrad in three drives
aimed at Pskov, the great communications center of the
Baltic states. Pskov, on the southeastern tip of Lake Peipus,
is the junction of four main rail lines and two highways.
Farther south the situation at Vitebsk was not defined.
This Nazi position has been under attack by the Red Army
since November and while the Berlin radio reported it
abandoned to the Soviets, several days passed with no Russian
statement other than that heavy fighting was going on.
In White Russia the first White Russian Army under
Gen. Brokossivsky pushed into the enemy defenses to gain
the town of Rogachev. The town is on the approach to
Minsk, to the northwest and is on the probable route for a
Soviet offensive designed to drive the enemy from the area
north of the Pripet Marshes.
FINLAND: The Moscow radio announced that the
Soviet Union offered to make peace with
Finland if the latter would break relations with Germany,
withdraw Finnish troops to the 1940 Russo-Finnish frontier
and assist the Red Army in interning Nazi troops and warships
now in Finland.
The questions of the future of the Finnish Army, war
reparations and the future of the Petsamo region would be
postponed, the Moscow radio announced, until direct negotiations
could take place between the representatives of
the two countries in Moscow.
ITALY: The lull on both fronts, the Anzio beachhead
below Rome and the house to house campaign
for Cassino, went well into the second week. Patrol actions
were reported at both places and also on the British Eighth
Army front near the Adriatic.
British units of the Allied Fifth Army made a slight gain
toward Aprilia, taking two fortified enemy strong points in
a flurry of infantry fighting and an American cruiser fired on
enemy artillery positions facing the beachhead area. Heavy
enemy artillery fire from heights overlooking the beaches
was taken as a possible indication that the Germans might
try another assault. This shelling, however, sprayed Allied
troops and installations throughout the 100-square mile area
and, while it was one of the heaviest since the landing, the
Germans did not concentrate on any particular target.
SOUTHWIEST PACIFIC: Following an announceSOUTHWEST
P ~ment by Gen. MacArthur
that American planes and warships now dominate the
Pacific Ocean in the region of the Bismarck Archipelago,
American troops landed in the Admiralty Islands.
The new landing was 330 miles northwest of Rabaul and
Gen. MacArthur announced that the move made certain
that 50,000 Japanese were trapped in the Bismarck Archipelago
and also cleared the way for a move into the Philippines,
1300 miles to the north.
The landing was carried out by elements of the First
Cavalry Division, Dismounted, who went ashore on Los
Negros Island. They fought their way to the Momote airfield,
taking the field before the Japs could destroy it. A
naval and air bombardment preceded the landing.
The Bismarck Archipelago includes the two main islands
of New Britain and New Ireland and numerous others, including
the Admiralty group, that circle around the northern
perimeter of the Bismarck Sea. The operation took
advantage of reports that the enemy was beginning to evacuate
because of tremendous air and sea losses and his resulting
inability to maintain a supply line. To assure speed, our
troops were moved to the Admiralties by destroyers.
On New Britain, U. S. Marines from Cape Gloucester
joined forces with Army troops from Arawe, after killing
7000 Japanese of the Sixty-fifth Brigade and the Seventeenth
Japanese Division. Both these enemy organizations
played a major role in overwhelming American troops on
Bataan, in the Philippines. Organized enemy resistance on
Cape Gloucester was declared to have ended.
CENTRAL PACIFIC: Photographs" taken during
the heavy air attacks on the
Jap island stronghold of Truk Feb. 16-17 revealed that
forty enemy ships were sunk, probably sunk or damaged.
A preliminary announcement set the figure at 26. Twentythree
were sunk, six probably sunk and eleven damaged.
The carrier force that struck Truk was the same that
moved into the Marianas, attacking the Jap bases at Saipan
and Tinian and also Guam, which the Japs took from the
U. S. in the early part of the war. In the Marianas action
135 enemy planes were destroyed and several ships sunk.
American losses were six planes.
BURMA: The Southeast Asia command announced
" that a Japanese task force of some 8000 men
was destroyed in the two-weeks' fighting in the jungles of
Arakan, north of the port of Akyab in Southwest Burma.
A special summary stated that the enemy was gradually
driven back, hemmed in, split up, hunted and killed. Most
fought to the death, some escaped through the jungle.
This Jap force had set out to isolate and destroy two
Indian Divisions, the Fifth and Seventh, and open the way
for an advance into India. Some British units were cut off
at first but as the British counterattack developed the
enemy's jungle fighters sent to attack the British rear were
encircled. More than 1000 were killed and 2000 wounded.
Allied casualties were declared to be about a third as high.
Somewhere on the invasion coast of England a U. S. tank
officer explains the target to Gen. Eisenhower during
tank maneuvers. Air Marshal Tedder watches at right.
Stretching far into the background a large number of gliders are assembled somewhere
in England for delivery to airborne troop units of the Allied forces, a small portion of the
tremendous supplies being gathered.
In one of the largest single concentra
cars are tightly packed in rows at an Er
pressed into use as a supply depository
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Nine Japanese crouch in a landing craft after their capture
by U. S. Coast Guardsmen on a sand spit off Kwajalein.
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Five Rising Suns painted on the side of the Grumman Hellcat
fighter flown by Lt. Eugene R. Hanks, of Gibbs, Idaho,
represent five Jap Zero fighters shot down in five minutes.
It was his first combat action, a Navy carrier raid on Mille
in the Marshalls, carried out last November.
^IE~Siy ai ~ Prepared for ARMY ORIENTATION COURSE, M.S.D.
a E SM'AP% By ARMY INFORMATION BRANCH, M.S.D., A.S.F.
v.I.m. II N.. 46F 205 E. 42nd Street, NEW YORK 17, N.Y.
Prepared from public ources of information
N.,y dl,,,ib5i50 bp
P D C.
MONDAY, MARCH 6, 1944 * WEEK OF FEBRUARY 24 TO MARCH 2 * Volume II No. 46 F
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[United States.] Army Service Forces. Morale Services Division. Army Information Branch. Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 234th week of the war, 116th week of U.S. participation, poster, March 6, 1944; [Washington, D.C.]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc932/m1/1/: accessed May 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.