Novel Polyoxometalate Containing Membranes for PEM Fuel Cells

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Current proton exchange membrane (PEM) technologies are inadequate to address the projected needs for fuel cell performance above 80 ºC. Continuing research into traditional ion carriers in novel membrane materials offers the promise of marginal improvement, representing only an evolutionary increase in performance. This conclusion is supported by the role of water in conduction. Thus, the key to better PEMs is not to eliminate water, but to change the role of water by developing ion carriers that will bind water more tightly than traditional sulfur or phosphorus based carriers resulting in materials that will conduct at higher temperatures. This change ... continued below

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Harrup, Mason K.; Stewart, Frederick F.; Luther, Thomas A & Trowbridge, Tammy March 1, 2009.

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Current proton exchange membrane (PEM) technologies are inadequate to address the projected needs for fuel cell performance above 80 ºC. Continuing research into traditional ion carriers in novel membrane materials offers the promise of marginal improvement, representing only an evolutionary increase in performance. This conclusion is supported by the role of water in conduction. Thus, the key to better PEMs is not to eliminate water, but to change the role of water by developing ion carriers that will bind water more tightly than traditional sulfur or phosphorus based carriers resulting in materials that will conduct at higher temperatures. This change entails having a carrier structure that interacts more intimately with water and by increasing the ion carrier anionic charge to result in more tightly held inner shell protonated waters of hydration. Both of these factors synergistically act to maintain a critical water concentration at the carrier necessary for conduction. In this work, polyoxometalate (POM) clusters were selected to serve as these different proton carriers.

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  • 237th ACS National Meeting & Exposition,Salt Lake City, UT,03/22/2009,03/26/2009

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  • Report No.: INL/CON-08-15040
  • Grant Number: DE-AC07-99ID-13727
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 952007
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc931715

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

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  • March 1, 2009

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  • Nov. 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

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  • Nov. 30, 2016, 1:14 p.m.

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Harrup, Mason K.; Stewart, Frederick F.; Luther, Thomas A & Trowbridge, Tammy. Novel Polyoxometalate Containing Membranes for PEM Fuel Cells, article, March 1, 2009; [Idaho]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc931715/: accessed October 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.