Highly Selective Synthesis of Catalytically Active Monodisperse Rhodium Nanocubes

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Synthesis of monodisperse and shape-controlled colloidal inorganic nanocrystals (NCs) is of increasing scientific interest and technological significance. Recently, shape control of Pt, Pd, Ag, Au, and Rh NCs has been obtained by tuning growth kinetics in various solution-phase approaches, including modified polyol methods, seeded growth by polyol reduction, thermolysis of organometallics, and micelle techniques. Control of reduction kinetics of the noble metal precursors and regulation of the relative growth rates of low-index planes (i.e. {l_brace}100{r_brace} and {l_brace}111{r_brace}) via selective adsorption of selected chemical species are two keys for achieving shape modification of noble metal NCs. One application for noble metal ... continued below

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Zhang, Y.; Grass, M.E.; Kuhn, J.N.; Tao, F.; Habas, S.E.; Huang, W. et al. February 21, 2009.

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Synthesis of monodisperse and shape-controlled colloidal inorganic nanocrystals (NCs) is of increasing scientific interest and technological significance. Recently, shape control of Pt, Pd, Ag, Au, and Rh NCs has been obtained by tuning growth kinetics in various solution-phase approaches, including modified polyol methods, seeded growth by polyol reduction, thermolysis of organometallics, and micelle techniques. Control of reduction kinetics of the noble metal precursors and regulation of the relative growth rates of low-index planes (i.e. {l_brace}100{r_brace} and {l_brace}111{r_brace}) via selective adsorption of selected chemical species are two keys for achieving shape modification of noble metal NCs. One application for noble metal NCs of well-defined shape is in understanding how NC faceting (determines which crystallographic planes are exposed) affects catalytic performance. Rh NCs are used in many catalytic reactions, including hydrogenation, hydroformylation, hydrocarbonylation, and combustion reactions. Shape manipulation of Rh NCs may be important in understanding how faceting on the nanoscale affects catalytic properties, but such control is challenging and there are fewer reports on the shape control of Rh NCs compared to other noble metals. Xia and coworkers obtained Rh multipods exhibiting interesting surface plasmonic properties by a polyol approach. The Somorjai and Tilley groups synthesized crystalline Rh multipods, cubes, horns and cuboctahedra, via polyol seeded growth. Son and colleagues prepared catalytically active monodisperse oleylamine-capped tetrahedral Rh NCs for the hydrogenation of arenes via an organometallic route. More recently, the Somorjai group synthesized sizetunable monodisperse Rh NCs using a one-step polyol technique. In this Communication, we report the highly selective synthesis of catalytically active, monodisperse Rh nanocubes of < 10 nm by a seedless polyol method. In this approach, Br{sup -} ions from trimethyl(tetradecyl)ammonium bromide (TTAB) effectively stabilize the {l_brace}100{r_brace} faces of Rh NCs, and induce the evolution of nanocubes (Scheme 1). For a typical synthesis, 0.2 mmol RhCl{sub 3} hydrate, 1 mmol TTAB, and 4 mmol poly(vinylpyrrolidone) (PVP, Mw = 24,000), were added to 20 ml ethylene glycol at room temperature. The stock solution was heated to 80 C and purged for 20 min while stirring, producing a dark brown solution. The flask was then heated to 185 C and maintained at this temperature for 1.5 h under an Ar atmosphere. When the reaction was complete, an excess of acetone was added to the solution at room temperature to precipitate the nanocubes. The Rh nanocubes were separated by centrifugation and washed twice by precipitation/dissolution with ethanol/hexanes.

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  • Journal Name: Journal of American Chemical Society; Journal Volume: 130; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 2008

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  • Report No.: LBNL-1229E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 957035
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc931321

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  • February 21, 2009

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  • Nov. 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

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  • Nov. 18, 2016, 3:49 p.m.

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Zhang, Y.; Grass, M.E.; Kuhn, J.N.; Tao, F.; Habas, S.E.; Huang, W. et al. Highly Selective Synthesis of Catalytically Active Monodisperse Rhodium Nanocubes, article, February 21, 2009; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc931321/: accessed October 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.