Compaction wave profiles in granular HMX

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Meso-scale simulations of a compaction wave in a granular bed of HMX have been performed. The grains are fully resolved in order that the change in porosity across the wave front is determined by the elastic-plastic response of the grains rather than an empirical law for the porosity as a function of pressure. Numerical wave profiles of the pressure and velocity are compared with data from a gas gun experiment. The experiment used an initial porosity of 36%, and the wave had a pressure comparable to the yield strength of the grains. The profiles are measured at the front and ... continued below

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5 p.

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Menikoff, Ralph January 1, 2001.

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Description

Meso-scale simulations of a compaction wave in a granular bed of HMX have been performed. The grains are fully resolved in order that the change in porosity across the wave front is determined by the elastic-plastic response of the grains rather than an empirical law for the porosity as a function of pressure. Numerical wave profiles of the pressure and velocity are compared with data from a gas gun experiment. The experiment used an initial porosity of 36%, and the wave had a pressure comparable to the yield strength of the grains. The profiles are measured at the front and back of the granular bed. The transit time for the wave to travel between the gauges together with the Hugoniot jump conditions determines the porosity behind the wave front. In the simulations the porosity is determined by the yield strength and stress concentrations at the contact between grains. The value of the yield strength needed to match the experiment is discussed. Analysis of the impedance match of the wave at the back gauge indicates that the compaction wave triggers a small amount of burn, less than 1% mass fraction, on the micro-second time scale of the experiment.

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5 p.

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  • Submitted to: APS Topical Conference Shock Compression in Condensed Matter, Atlanta, Georgia, June 2001.

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  • Report No.: LA-UR-01-3103
  • Grant Number: none
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 975510
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc931242

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • January 1, 2001

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Nov. 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Dec. 9, 2016, 10:57 p.m.

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Menikoff, Ralph. Compaction wave profiles in granular HMX, article, January 1, 2001; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc931242/: accessed July 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.