Phytosiderophore effects on subsurface actinide contaminants: potential for phytostabilization and phytoextraction. Metadata

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  • Main Title Phytosiderophore effects on subsurface actinide contaminants: potential for phytostabilization and phytoextraction.


  • Author: Ruggiero, C. E. (Christy E.)
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Twary, S. N. (Scott N.)
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Deladurantaye, E. (Elise)
    Creator Type: Personal


  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy.
    Contributor Type: Organization


  • Name: Los Alamos National Laboratory
    Place of Publication: United States


  • Creation: 2003-01-01


  • English


  • Content Description: In recognition of the need for a safe, effective technology for long term Pu/Th/Actinide stabilization or removal from soils, we have begun an investigation of the potential for phytoremediation (phytostabilization and/or phytoextraction) of Pu and other actinide soil contaminants at DOE sites using phytosiderophore producing plants, and are investigating the contribution of phytosiderophores to actinide mobility in the subsurface environment. Phytoremediation and Phytostabilization have been proven to be a cost-effective, safe, efficient, and publicly acceptable technology for clean up and/or stabilization of contaminant metals . However, no phyto-based technologies have been developed for stabilization or removal of plutonium from soils and groundwater, and very few have been investigated for other actinides . Current metal-phytostabilization and phytoremediation techniques, predominately based around lead, nickel, and other soft-metal phytoextraction, will almost certainly be inadequate for plutonium due its distinct chemical properties . Phytosiderophore-based phytoremediation may provide technically and financially practical methods for remediation and long-term stewardship of soils that have low to moderate, near surface actinide contamination . We plan to demonstrate potential benefits of phytosiderophore-producing plants for long-term actinide contaminant stabilization by the plant's prevention of soil erosion and actinide migration through hydraulic control and/or through actinide removal through phytoextraction . We may also show possible harm caused by these plants through increased presence of actinide chelators that could increase actinide mobilization and migration in the subsurface environment. This information can then be directly applied by either removal of harmful plants, or be used to develop plant-based soil stabilization/remediation technologies .
  • Physical Description: [4] p.


  • Keyword: Removal
  • Keyword: Nickel
  • Keyword: Stabilization
  • Keyword: Actinides
  • Keyword: Ground Water
  • Keyword: Chemical Properties
  • Keyword: Hydraulics
  • Keyword: Soils
  • Keyword: Contamination
  • STI Subject Categories: 54 Environmental Sciences
  • Keyword: Plutonium


  • Conference: Submitted to: Plutonium Futures Conference 2003, 6-10 July 2003, Albuquerque, NM


  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI


  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Article


  • Text


  • Report No.: LA-UR-03-0678
  • Grant Number: none
  • DOI: 10.2172/835417
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 976539
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc930925