The mechanical response of a uranium-nobium alloy: a comparison of cast versus wrought processing

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A rigorous experimentation and validation program is being undertaken to create constitutive models that elucidate the fundamental mechanisms controlling plasticity in uranium-6 wt.% niobium alloys (U-6Nb). The first, 'wrought', material produced by processing a cast ingot I'ia forging and forming into plate was studied. The second material investigated is a direct cast U-6Nb alloy. The purpose of the investigation is to detennine the principal differences, or more importantly, similarities, between the two materials due to processing. It is well known that parameters like grain size, impurity size and chemistry affect the deformation and failure characteristics of materials. Metallography conducted on ... continued below

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Cady, Carl M; Gray, Ill, George T; Cerreta, Ellen K; Aikin, Robert M; Chen, Shuh - Rong; Trujillo, Carl P et al. January 1, 2009.

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A rigorous experimentation and validation program is being undertaken to create constitutive models that elucidate the fundamental mechanisms controlling plasticity in uranium-6 wt.% niobium alloys (U-6Nb). The first, 'wrought', material produced by processing a cast ingot I'ia forging and forming into plate was studied. The second material investigated is a direct cast U-6Nb alloy. The purpose of the investigation is to detennine the principal differences, or more importantly, similarities, between the two materials due to processing. It is well known that parameters like grain size, impurity size and chemistry affect the deformation and failure characteristics of materials. Metallography conducted on these materials revealed that the microstructures are quite different. Characterization techniques like tension, compression, and shear were performed to find the principal differences between the materials as a function of stress state. Dynamic characterization using a split Hopkinson pressure bar in conjunction with Taylor impact testing was conducted to derive and thereafter validate constitutive material models. The Mechanical Threshold Strength Model is shown to accurately capture the constitutive response of these materials and Taylor cylinder tests are used to provide a robust way to verify and validate the constitutive model predictions of deformation by comparing finite element simulations with the experimental results. The primary differences between the materials will be described and predictions about material behavior will be made.

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  • DYMAT '09 ; September 7, 2009 ; Brussels, Belgium

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  • Report No.: LA-UR-09-00920
  • Report No.: LA-UR-09-920
  • Grant Number: AC52-06NA25396
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 956425
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc930393

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  • January 1, 2009

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  • Nov. 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

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  • Dec. 12, 2016, 5:56 p.m.

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Cady, Carl M; Gray, Ill, George T; Cerreta, Ellen K; Aikin, Robert M; Chen, Shuh - Rong; Trujillo, Carl P et al. The mechanical response of a uranium-nobium alloy: a comparison of cast versus wrought processing, article, January 1, 2009; [New Mexico]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc930393/: accessed July 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.