Can hydrous minerals account for the observed mid-latitude water on Mars?

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Great interest was generated with the discovery by the Odyssey spacecraft OC heterogeneously distributed hydrogcn at martian mid-latitudes, suggesting that large areas of the near-equatorial highlands contain near-surface deposits of 'chemically and/or physically bound 1120 and/or OH' in amounts up to 3.8% equivalent H20. More recent interpretations of the Odyssey data using new calibrations suggest that some near-equatorial areas, such as Arabia Terra, contain up to 8.5f I .3% water-equivalent hydrogen. Such shallow occurrences (<I tn) of H20 ice near the martian equator are particularly enigmatic because H20 ice is not stable at these latitudes. A number of potentially hydrous ... continued below

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4 p.

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Bish, D. L. (David L.); Vaniman, D. T. (David T.); Fialips, C. I. (Clair I.); Carey, J. W. (James W.) & Feldman, W. C. (William C.) January 1, 2003.

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Description

Great interest was generated with the discovery by the Odyssey spacecraft OC heterogeneously distributed hydrogcn at martian mid-latitudes, suggesting that large areas of the near-equatorial highlands contain near-surface deposits of 'chemically and/or physically bound 1120 and/or OH' in amounts up to 3.8% equivalent H20. More recent interpretations of the Odyssey data using new calibrations suggest that some near-equatorial areas, such as Arabia Terra, contain up to 8.5f I .3% water-equivalent hydrogen. Such shallow occurrences (<I tn) of H20 ice near the martian equator are particularly enigmatic because H20 ice is not stable at these latitudes. A number of potentially hydrous silicate phases, notably clay minerals and zeolites, have been proposed as possible M20-bearing constituents on Mars, and both groups of minerals are common terrestrial alteration products of hydrovolcanic basaltic ashes and palagonitic material comparable io those that may be widespread on Mars. Smectites within martian meteorites, attributed to hydrous alteration on Mars rather than on Earth, provide direct evidence of clay minerals from Mars. In addition, new thermal emission spectrometer (TES) data provide evidence for unspecified zeolites in martian surface dust, and concluded that spectral deconvolution of MGS TES and Mariner 9 IRIS data is consistent with the presence of zeolite in the martian surface dust.

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4 p.

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  • Submitted to: 6th International Conference on Mars, July 2003, Pasadena, CA

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  • Report No.: LA-UR-03-2757
  • Grant Number: none
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 976616
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc930037

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  • January 1, 2003

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  • Nov. 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

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  • Dec. 9, 2016, 10:55 p.m.

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Bish, D. L. (David L.); Vaniman, D. T. (David T.); Fialips, C. I. (Clair I.); Carey, J. W. (James W.) & Feldman, W. C. (William C.). Can hydrous minerals account for the observed mid-latitude water on Mars?, article, January 1, 2003; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc930037/: accessed September 20, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.