Analysis on the Density Driven Air-Ingress Accident in VHTRs

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Air-ingress following the pipe rupture is considered to be the most serious accident in the VHTRs due to its potential problems such as core heat-up, structural integrity and toxic gas release. Previously, it has been believed that the main air-ingress mechanism of this accident is the molecular diffusion process between the reactor core and the cavity. However, according to some recent studies, there is another fast air-ingress process that has not been considered before. It is called density-driven stratified flow. The potential for density-driven stratified air ingress into the VHTR following a large-break LOCA was first described in the NGNP ... continued below

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Kim, Eung Soo; Oh, Chang; Schultz, Richard & Petti, David November 1, 2008.

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Air-ingress following the pipe rupture is considered to be the most serious accident in the VHTRs due to its potential problems such as core heat-up, structural integrity and toxic gas release. Previously, it has been believed that the main air-ingress mechanism of this accident is the molecular diffusion process between the reactor core and the cavity. However, according to some recent studies, there is another fast air-ingress process that has not been considered before. It is called density-driven stratified flow. The potential for density-driven stratified air ingress into the VHTR following a large-break LOCA was first described in the NGNP Methods Technical Program based on stratified flow studies performed with liquid. Studies on densitygradient driven stratified flow in advanced reactor systems has been the subject of active research for well over a decade since density-gradient dominated stratified flow is an inherent characteristic of passive systems used in advanced reactors. Recently, Oh et al. performed a CFD analysis on the stratified flow in the VHTR, and showed that this effect can significantly accelerate the air-ingress process in the VHTRs. They also proposed to replace the original air-ingress scenario based on the molecular diffusion with the one based on the stratified flow. This paper is focusing on the effect of stratified flow on the results of the air-ingress accident in VHTR

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  • ANS Winter Meeting,Reno, Nevada,11/09/2008,11/13/2008

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  • Report No.: INL/CON-08-14518
  • Grant Number: DE-AC07-99ID-13727
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 957509
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc928591

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  • November 1, 2008

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  • Nov. 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

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  • Jan. 4, 2017, 2:18 p.m.

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Kim, Eung Soo; Oh, Chang; Schultz, Richard & Petti, David. Analysis on the Density Driven Air-Ingress Accident in VHTRs, article, November 1, 2008; [Idaho]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc928591/: accessed June 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.