Review of High-Speed Fiber Optic Grating Sensors Systems

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Fiber grating sensors can be used to support a wide variety of high speed measurement applications. This includes measurements of vibrations on bridges, traffic monitoring on freeways, ultrasonic detection to support non-destructive tests on metal plates and providing details of detonation events. This paper provides a brief overview of some of the techniques that have been used to support high speed measurements using fiber grating sensors over frequency ranges from 10s of kHz, to MHZ and finally toward frequencies approaching the GHz regime. Very early in the development of fiber grating sensor systems it was realized that a high speed ... continued below

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Udd, E; Benterou, J; May, C; Mihailov, S J & Lu, P March 24, 2010.

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Fiber grating sensors can be used to support a wide variety of high speed measurement applications. This includes measurements of vibrations on bridges, traffic monitoring on freeways, ultrasonic detection to support non-destructive tests on metal plates and providing details of detonation events. This paper provides a brief overview of some of the techniques that have been used to support high speed measurements using fiber grating sensors over frequency ranges from 10s of kHz, to MHZ and finally toward frequencies approaching the GHz regime. Very early in the development of fiber grating sensor systems it was realized that a high speed fiber grating sensor system could be realized by placing an optical filter that might be a fiber grating in front of a detector so that spectral changes in the reflection from a fiber grating were amplitude modulated. In principal the only limitation on this type of system involved the speed of the output detector which with the development of high speed communication links moved from the regime of 10s of MHz toward 10s of GHz. The earliest deployed systems involved civil structures including measurements of the strain fields on composite utility poles and missile bodies during break tests, bridges and freeways. This was followed by a series of developments that included high speed fiber grating sensors to support nondestructive testing via ultrasonic wave detection, high speed machining and monitoring ship hulls. Each of these applications involved monitoring mechanical motion of structures and thus interest was in speeds up to a few 10s of MHz. Most recently there has been interest in using fiber grating to monitor the very high speed events such as detonations and this has led to utilization of fiber gratings that are consumed during an event that may require detection speeds of hundreds of MHz and in the future multiple GHz.

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PDF-file: 16 pages; size: 9.3 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: SPIE Defense, Security and Sensing, 7677-Fiber Optic Sensors and Applications VII, Orlando, FL, United States, Apr 05 - Apr 09, 2010

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  • Report No.: LLNL-CONF-426425
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 978413
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc928508

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  • March 24, 2010

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  • Nov. 13, 2016, 7:26 p.m.

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  • Dec. 1, 2016, 4:39 p.m.

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Udd, E; Benterou, J; May, C; Mihailov, S J & Lu, P. Review of High-Speed Fiber Optic Grating Sensors Systems, article, March 24, 2010; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc928508/: accessed November 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.