N. W. Ayer & Son's American Newspaper Annual and Directory: A Catalogue of American Newspapers, 1922, Volume 1 Page: 12
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DOMESTIC MAlL MATTER
Domestic rates and conditions apply to matter mailed for delivery in the United States,
Alaska, Hawaii, Porto Rico, the Virgin Islands, the Philippines, Guam, Tutuila and other islands
of the Samoan group east of longitude 171 west, the Canal zone, United States naval vessels,
the United States Postal Agency at Shanghai, China, and the United States Army of
Occupation in and around Coblenz, Germany.
Mail matter is divided by the Post Office Department into four classes:FIRST
CLASS mail includes all letters, postal cards, private mailing cards (post cards),
all matter wholly or partly in writing or typewriting (including manifold or carbon copies),
except manuscript copy accompanied by printers proof sheets, and all matter sealed or otherwise
closed against inspection.
SECOND CLASS mail matter includes periodical publications.
THRIR) CLASS matter includes all miscellaneous printed matter, circulars, pamphlets,
FOURTH CLASS (PARCEL POST) covers all mailable matter not included in the above
RATES. ON FIRST CLASS MATTER.
LETTERS, two cents for each ounce, or fraction thereof.
POSTAL CARDS or POST CARDS (PRIVATE MAILING CARDS) one cent each.
POSTAL CARDS. Government Postal Cards may bear any written or printed con mmunication
on the back and also on the left third of the face when the face is divided by a vertical
line, approximately one-third of the width from the left edge. The right two-tilirds of the face
must be reserved for the address. If any matter, other than the address is pasted or otherwise
attached to a postal card, it will subj ect the card to the letter rate, or, if the card and the attached
matter are wholly in printing, it will be treated as third class matter. The initial half of a
double postal card should be detached before the reply half is mailed. The reply half of an international
postal card, when mailed to the country which issued the card, is considered prepaid,
and may be mailed without affixing additional postage stamps.
PRIVATE MAILING CARDS (POST CARDS), which include all cards, written or printed,
which are not larger then 3 9/16 by 5 9/16 inches, nor smaller than 23 by 4 inches, must be made
of cardboard substantially of the same weight as the government cards, must not be enclosed
in envelopes, must be mailed flat, not doubled or folded, and only the back and the left half of
the face may contain written or printed communications. The right half of the face must
be reserved for address, postage stamps, post marks, etc. Any departure from these conditions
will cause the cards to be charged at letter rates. Printed advertising cards, or cards containing
only printed circular matter, and which do not bear the words "Post Card" of "Private Mailing
Card" and do not come within the size prescribed for post cards are subject to the third class rates.
SECOND CLASS MATTER includes newspapers and other periodicals. (For zone rates,
which apply to publishers only, see local postmasters). When mailed by the public, unsealed,
the charge is one cent, for each four ounces or fraction of four ounces, on each separately addressed
copy or package of unaddressed copies. To obtain this rate the copies must be colllplete.
Incomplete copies are third class matter. On the wrapper, or on the copy, besides
the address to which it is sent, there may be written or printed the name and address of the
sender, preceded by the word "From ;" the words " sample copy " or " marked copy " or both,
corrections of typographical errors and marks (not words) calling attention to words or passages
in the text. Any other writing will subject the package to letter rates.
THIRD CLASS MATTER is subject to postage at the rate of one cent for each two ounces,
or fraction thereof, on each singly addressed piece or package. It must not be sealed, and includes
circulars: periodicals not admitted to the second class; proof sheets; corrected proofs;
manuscript copy. when accompanied by printers' proofs thereof, with or without corrections;
reproductions by mechanical processes of written or typewritten matter, when mailed in a
mimium number of 20 identical copies at a place designated by the postmaster; reading matter
in raised type for the blind; calendars; sheet music; engravings; photographs; blue prints;
newspaper clippings, with name, date and address of the paper stamped or written thereon;
maps; lithographs: printed postals or private mailing cards, mailed in bulk; insurance applications
and legal blanks mainly in print, afm miscellaneous printed matter (except books,
which are included in fourth class matter) weighing not more than four pounds. If over four
pounds or if printed on any other material than paper or cardboard, it becomes fourth class
The only permissible writings on third class matter, other than that mentioned above, are
the name and address of the sender, preceded by the word " From ;" marks (not words) calling
attention to particular words or passages in the. text, such inscriptions as " Merry Christmas,"
"Do not open until Christmas," "Dear Sir," "With best wishes," etc. Also upon photographs or
other matter there may be written a simple manuscript dedication not in the nature of personal
correspondence. There may be enclosed with third class matter a card bearing the written
name and address of the sender, a single order blank, mainly printed, a coin card, a post card
or an envelope for reply.
When it is desired to send a personal communication with a package of third class matter,
a letter, prepaid at first class rates, may be attached securely to the outside of the package, the
latter being fully prepaid at third class rates; and both will be delivered together. The envelope
must be attached in such a manner as not to interfere with the address on the package and
must bear the same address, so that, if separated, both may be delivered. Samples of merchandise
may be attached to printed matter provided such samples cover less than 20 per cent. of
FOURTH CLASS MATTER (PARCEL POST) includes merchandise, books, catalogues,
miscellaneous printed matter weighing more than four pounds, farm and manufactured products,
seeds, roots, plants and all other mailable matter not included in the first, second and
third classes. All packages must be so wrapped, tied or enclosed that the contents may be
easily examined by the postal officials. When sealed or enclosed in such a manner that the
contents cannot be so inspected, they will be treated as first class matter. Boxes may have the
lids nailed or screwed. provided they may he readily removed with a chisel or screw-driver for
examination of the contents. All coverings should be sufficiently strong and secure to with
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N. W. Ayer & Son. N. W. Ayer & Son's American Newspaper Annual and Directory: A Catalogue of American Newspapers, 1922, Volume 1, book, 1922; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9267/m1/12/: accessed March 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .