N. W. Ayer & Son's American Newspaper Annual and Directory: A Catalogue of American Newspapers, 1922, Volume 2 Page: 633
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(U. S. Census Bureau, 1920)
STATE CAPITAL, SANTA FE
NEW MEXICO is bounded north by Colorado, east by Oklahoma and Texas, south by
Texas and Mexico, and west by Arizona; greatest length, north to south, 390 miles, average
width, 335 miles. Land area, 122,460 square miles. Its general surface is a region of high plateaus,
traversed by mountain ranges with isolated peaks. Tile valleys are generally nearly
level, and their soil fertile. In the southeast is a part of the "Llano Estacado" or "Staked
Plain." Some of this region is being brought into use under the modern systems of farming
arid and semi-arid lands.
AGRICULTURE. The number of farms in 1920 was 29,841. The mesas, or table lands, occupy
a large part of the surface, placing stock raising and wool growing among the leading occupations;
the bunch grass affords rich pasturage, and neither hand feeding nor shelter is necessary
for the herds and flocks. The live stock in New Mexico in 1921 included 1,497,000 cattle, 97,000
being dairy cows. There were 2,666,000 sheep, 225,000 horses and about 200,000 goats. The
1919 wool clip was 15,076,000 pounds. New Mexico was the third state in number of sheep
and fifth in amount of wool. In the year ending June 30th, 1911, there were shipped out
of the state 243,194 cattle; 16,756 horses iand 775,286 sheep. The climate is very-dry, the
weather station at Santa Fe showing the lowest per cent. of humidity in the United States,
with the ,exception of the station at Yuma, Arizona. The soil, when sufficient water can
be had, shows wonderful fertility, and the days of continual sunshine are especially favorable to
the development of plant life. Agriculture is becoming, with the development of the various
irrigation projects, the leading industry of the state. Irrigation is in use on nearly a million
acres. There are extensive systems of water storage and irrigation on the Peeos, Rio Grande
and other large rivers, which, with works projected, will reclaim three or four million acres.
Many farmers are irrigating their own land by means of artesian wells. There are over 700 of
these in Chaves and Eddy counties. There are many other river valleys of high fertility,
whose soil is susceptible of irrigation. Over 15,000,000 acres have sufficient annual rainfall
to be classed as "dry farming" land, and the flow of immigration into these distiicts is
rapid and continuous. Those who have followed the methods of culture proper to such lands
have been successful with such crops as are adapted to the conditions. While there is still much
experimenting to be done with the system, there is no doubt that it will in the near future add
considerably to the nation's food supply. New Mexico has over 3,000,000 acres farmed by this
system at the present time. Of fruits, the apple, peach, melon, fig, apricot, pomegranate, and
especially grapes, fourish.
St Percent. Average RankChief
Crops-1920 Amount Rtae of U.S. Value Acreage Acre Yield
Total Yield Per Acre
Barley ..................... 630,000 bu. 23 0.3 $472,000 21,000 30.0 bu. 10
Beans ..................... 811,000 bu. 4 8.9 2,465,000 121.000 6.7 bu. 5
Broom Corn........... 2,300 bu. 5 6.8 91,000 7,000 420 lbs. 3
Corn ........................ 7,155,000 bu. 32 0.2 7,870,000 270,000 26.5 bu. 32
Hay (Tame)............ 600,000 tons 38 0.6 10,200,000 240,000 2.50 tons 5
Oats ........................ 2,278,000 bu. 38 0.1 1,822,000 67,000 34.0 bu. 22
Potatoes.................. 475,000 bu. 46 0.1 998,000 5,000 95.0 bu. 34
Sorghum (Grain)... 6,480,000 bu. 4 4.5 6,415,000 240,000 27.0 bu. 2
Sweet Potatoes ...... 300,000 bu. 23 0.2 660,000 2,000 150.3 bu. 2
Wheat..................... 6,375,000 bu. 25 0.8 8,925,000 330,000 19.3 bu. 8
Total value-all crops........... 40 0.51 $53,626,000
MINERALS, MANUFACTURES, ETC. Gold, silver, copper, iron, and lead exist, and all are
being extensively worked. The chief mineral productions in 1920 were gold, 22,417 ounces, value
$463,400; silver, 764,586 ounces, value $776,154; coal, 3,750,000 tons; lead, 2,600,000 pounds; copper,
54,000,000 pounds; zinc, 11,840,000 pounds. Iron ore has recently been discovered in extensive
deposits. Bituminous coal is very abundant and deposits of fine anthracite exist. Plumbago,
mica, petroleum, cement, fire clay, gypsum, mineral paint, marbles and other excellent building
stones are found. Chief industries are quartz crushing, milling and manufacturing of
woolens. The lumber industry is growing. A fine system of public roads has been planned,
comprising over 1,000 miles through various parts of the territory, the work being done by
convict labor. Several hundred miles have already been surveyed. There is some production
of lumber in the National Forests. The state is becoming more and more popular as a resort
for health seekers and tourists, also as a hunting region.
The number of newspapers and periodicals published in New Mexico is 100, including 6 dai ly,
2 semi-weekly, 87 weekly, I semi-monthly, and 4 monthly. The places of publication number
58, of which 26, designated by a dagger (t), are county seats.
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N. W. Ayer & Son. N. W. Ayer & Son's American Newspaper Annual and Directory: A Catalogue of American Newspapers, 1922, Volume 2, book, 1922; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9266/m1/1/: accessed February 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .