Individual attachment styles and the correspondence/compensation hypotheses in relation to depression and depressive experiences. Page: I
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Hill, Mary Kathleen. Individual attachment styles and the correspondence/compensation
hypotheses in relation to depression and depressive experiences. Doctor of Philosophy (Clinical
Psychology), August 2008, 121 pp., 12 tables, 2 illustrations, references, 132 titles.
Two hundred twenty individuals participated in the present study from a university
population. The study examined the relationship among attachment styles to caregivers,
relationship with God, depressive symptomology, and depressive experiences. Attachment
theorists have suggested a connection between childhood attachment to caregivers and current
attachment to God through the idea that individuals have "working models" that form how they
interpret present relationships. For the most part, the results of the current study supported the
idea of correspondence between attachment to caregiver and attachment to God. Individual
attachment styles to caregivers matched their attachment style to God. However, when caregiver
religiousness was included as a moderating variable, results supported the theory of combined
compensation-correspondence for those with insecure attachments to caregivers. Individuals with
insecure attachment to caregivers were more likely to compensate for their insecure attachment
bonds through participation in religious activity, whereas their internal, private relationship with
God corresponded with their previous insecure attachment bonds. Individuals with insecure
attachment to caregivers were more likely to endorse symptoms of depression and report
introjective, but not anaclitic, depressive experiences. With respect to attachment to God,
introjective depressive experiences were positively related to both anxious and avoidant
attachments, whereas, anaclitic depressive experiences were positively related only to anxious
attachment to God. Anxious attachment to God was found to partially mediate the relationship
between insecure attachment to caregivers and depression symptoms. Finally, attachment effects
were similar across gender, ethnicity, and age, with some notable exceptions.
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Hill, Mary Kathleen. Individual attachment styles and the correspondence/compensation hypotheses in relation to depression and depressive experiences., dissertation, August 2008; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9092/m1/2/: accessed April 23, 2019), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .