Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 262nd week of the war, 144th week of U.S. participation Side: 1 of 2
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FOR THE ARMED FORCES
262nd Week of the War
144th Week of U. S. Participation
0 C I A N
I S O, I
.A.Wml r i A L' -A1
FRAMNCE: In the face of stronger German resistance
that was apparent from the British Second
Army bridgehead northwest of the Albert canal in Belgium
to the positions of the American First and Third Armies
200 miles inland, the Allies managed to throw two columns
across the Nazi border.
Both invasions of German soil were by units of the
American First Army. The first was on 11 September by
troops that penetrated Luxembourg and broke five miles
across the German border above the ancient city of Trier.
The second penetration was 70 miles to the north where
elements of an armored division crossed the frontier from
Belgium in strength east of the town of Eupen. An unexpectedly
easy victory in this area was the capture, without
resistance, of the famous Belgian fort of Eben Emael at the
extreme east end of Belgium.
South of the First Army the U. S. Third Army cracked
through the old Maginot line to Thionville across the
Moselle River. A front correspondent with American
troops who retook the fortress city of Aumetz said that
section of the Maginot line was intact, and its big electrically
operated disappearing guns were in perfect working order.
Along the channel coast British elements with the
Canadian First Army took Le Havre after that city underwent
heavy air and sea bombardment. It is the second
largest seaport in France and, depending on its condition,
can supply the Allies with a valuable major entry much
closer to the front than Cherbourg. With the exception of
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In the last war Sgt. Lewis F. Clancy's battalion hq. was
at the house of M. Petit Victor, of Mareuil Sur Ourcq,
Oise, France. Clancy came back recently and took the
opportunity to talk over old times over a bottle of cider.
small isolated pockets at Boulogne, Calais and Dunkerque,
the Allies controlled the channel coast to Ostende.
Contact was established between the American Seventh
and Third Armies 11 September. The two units met near
Sombernon, just west of Dijon, and French troops occupied
the latter town which is on the main Paris-Marseille railroad.
While the Seventh has been extending its positions
in the Rhone Valley and along the southern coast, the main
drive developed northward toward the Belfort gap leading
to Germany. The junction of the northern and southern
armies means the Allies now have an uninterrupted front.
Southwest France, below the Loire River and west of the
Rhone, is largely under the control of French patriot forces,
but it still contains disorganized German units.
EASCTry FR fNT: The Soviet Union's 99-hour
war against Bulgaria ended 5
September after Soviet forces occupied Bulgaria's two
large Black Sea ports of Varna and Burgas. Faced with
invasion, the Bulgarian stand, after four years in the Axis
camp, rapidly went from a quickly conceived "strict neutrality"
to a state of war with Germany. Until 5 September,
Bulgaria had been at war with the U. S. and Great Britain,
but not with the Soviet Union.
The Red Army advance across the northern Balkans
made rapid progress toward the Hungarian plains. A major
drive pushed to the Yugoslav border at the Iron Gate area
of the Danube River. Other forces crossed the Carpathians
and Transylvanian Alps into both Romania and Hungaryannexed
Transylvania. Most of the mountain passes across
the heights protecting Transylvania were in Soviet hands.
In Poland, the Germans reported the Soviets had penetrated
the eastern suburbs of Warsaw. The Reds were also
approaching Lomzha, the gateway to lower German East
Prussia, while from the Lithuanian frontier, Red Army
patrols crossed the river into the German province.
PHIlIPPI ES* The Japanese radio predicted last
PHIL P EjSOweek that an American invasion of
the southern Philippines "may possibly be undertaken in a
short time." Just how short was the time and where the
blow would fall were items still to be revealed, but Allied
bombers from the southwest Pacific and a carrier and surface
force of the Pacific fleet did nothing to ease Jap fears.
The USAAFFE was increasing the force of its daily operFor
all practical purposes the Luftwaffe has been eliminated
as a major fighting force, and Allied planes carry out
missions at will all over the Reich. However, the enemy
ations along the island pathway to Mindanao and hitting the
chief port of that island, Davao, regularly. Air opposition
was so minor that Gen. MacArthur could announce Allied
air forces dominate the southern Philippines.
A Pacific fleet carrier and surface force hit the Philippines
for the first time 9 August and in attacks on the Mindanao
area sank or damaged 89 enemy cargo vessels of various
types, and destroyed 68 enemy planes in attacks that covered
five airfields and three ports. The biggest single prize was
a convoy of 32 coastal cargo ships and 20 sampans discovered
off Hinatuan Bay to the north. The entire convoy was
destroyed by our surface ships and carrier based planes.
Islands in the Palau group which lie east of Mindanao
got a heavy going over from fleet and landbased planes
working in cooperation. The air attacks were followed by
shelling from cruisers and destroyers. Installations struck
were on Angaur, Peleliu, and Koror Islands and numerous
fires indicated hits on supply installations.
IT bL: Adding to Allied pressure already being applied
against German positions on the Adriatic
and above Florence, the Fifth Army went on the offensive
on the western side of the line. They took the cities of
Pistoia and Prato north of Lucca. About 112 miles northwest
of Pisa, American forces were in contact with the vaunted
American and British gains north of Florence are considerable
and the Yanks are 25 miles northeast of the city.
Press dispatches carried persistent reports that the Germans
were starting an evacuation of northern Italy.
CHINA: Japanese troops made two important gains as
they continued their successful advance in
China. One was the town of Lingling, an Allied air base on
the route from Hengyang to Kweilin.
The second was the port of Wenchow on the east coast,
225 miles south of Shanghai, which fell to Japanese who
apparently moved to the coast from Kinhwa, an inland airfield
town which marked the limit of enemy penetration
along the Hangchow-Nanchang railway.
The Japanese industrial center of Anshan in Manchuria
was the target on 8 September of the largest B-29 attack
yet launched. The city is the site of the Showa steel works
which is the largest Manchurian producer of pig iron, rolled
iron and steel material. It was raided once before on 29 July.
11 -" 1 Q ~lJ a Prepared and distributed by ARMY INFORMATION BRANCH
,^ rA ~ V " -ARMY SERVICE FORCES
205 E. 42nd Street, NEW YORK 17, N. Y.
Prepared from public sources of information
Navy distribution by
EDUCATIONAL SERVICES SECTION
BuPers, Navy Dept., Washington, D. C.
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[United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch. Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 262nd week of the war, 144th week of U.S. participation, poster, September 18, 1944; New York, N. Y.. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc906/m1/1/: accessed May 25, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.