Scenen aus Goethes Faust: A performer's analysis. Page: 16
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motive that interrupts Faust is the motive that introduces Mephistopheles and is repeated after he
sings his line. The serpentine descending motive pointing toward Hell is significant as it is used
in other movements in Scenen aus Goethes Faust. The first time this motive is played in Scene 1,
its true sinister nature is depicted through two descending tritones, significant in that it is
sometimes referred to as the devil's interval (see Figure 10).
Figure 10: "Scene im Garten," mm 56-59.
A varied form of this motive recurs in Scene 3, "Scene im Dom" immediately before the
entrance of the Baser Geist (Evil Spirit/Negation, who is really Mephistopheles). In this scene
the motive is used to portray the torment and anguish that Gretchen feels as she enters the
church, filled with remorse and guilt. This motive permeates the overture and returns in Scene 5
The music heard in the orchestra in the final section of the duet is reminiscent of the
music heard at the beginning of the duet as Faust and Gretchen say their farewells to each other.
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Paoletti Jr., Karl. Scenen aus Goethes Faust: A performer's analysis., dissertation, August 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9053/m1/22/: accessed February 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .