Scenen aus Goethes Faust: A performer's analysis. Page: 7
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This style of declamatory singing presents several challenges for the vocal soloist as he or she is
required to sing four against three and two against three while singing a beautiful legato line and
not allowing the articulation of the consonants to interrupt the continuous flow of sound.
Compare this style of text setting with that of Mephistopheles (see Figure 2). This is an example
of Schumann using accompanied recitative allowing further emphasis on the delivery of the text.
Figure 2: "Scene im Garten," mm 56-59.
Schumann generally avoids using repetitive melodies in the vocal lines and refrains from
setting text in a traditional strophic manner. It was Schumann's philosophy to establish a balance
between the music and the text, enabling the audience to concentrate on the delivery of the text
as well as listening to the beauty of the melodic line.
Schumann's setting of Faust differs from other composers' interpretations of Faust
(Gounod and Berlioz) in that he remains faithful to Goethe's text and takes very few liberties
with Goethe's poetry. He takes an excerpt from the latter portion of Goethe's "Scene im Garten"
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Paoletti Jr., Karl. Scenen aus Goethes Faust: A performer's analysis., dissertation, August 2008; Denton, Texas. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc9053/m1/13/: accessed February 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; .