Electronic structure of disordered conjugated polymers: Polythiophenes

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Electronic structure of disordered semiconducting conjugated polymers was studied. Atomic structure was found from a classical molecular dynamics simulation and the charge patching method was used to calculate the electronic structure with the accuracy similar to the one of density functional theory in local density approximation. The total density of states, the local density of states at different points in the system and the wavefunctions of several states around the gap were calculated in the case of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and polythiophene (PT) systems to gain insight into the origin of disorder in the system, the degree of carrier localization and ... continued below

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Vukmirovic, Nenad & Wang, Lin-Wang November 26, 2008.

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Electronic structure of disordered semiconducting conjugated polymers was studied. Atomic structure was found from a classical molecular dynamics simulation and the charge patching method was used to calculate the electronic structure with the accuracy similar to the one of density functional theory in local density approximation. The total density of states, the local density of states at different points in the system and the wavefunctions of several states around the gap were calculated in the case of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) and polythiophene (PT) systems to gain insight into the origin of disorder in the system, the degree of carrier localization and the role of chain interactions. The results indicated that disorder in the electronic structure of alkyl substituted polythiophenes comes from disorder in the conformation of individualchains, while in the case of polythiophene there is an additional contribution due to disorder in the electronic coupling between the chains. Each of the first several wavefunctions in the conduction and valence band of P3HT is localized over several rings of a single chain. It was shown that the localization can be caused in principle both by ring torsions and chain bending, however the effect of ring torsions is much stronger. PT wavefunctions are more complicated due to larger interchain electronic coupling and are not necessarily localized on a single chain.

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  • Journal Name: The Journal of Physical Chemistry B

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  • Report No.: LBNL-1281E
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 944536
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc902690

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  • November 26, 2008

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 8, 2016, 1:18 p.m.

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Vukmirovic, Nenad & Wang, Lin-Wang. Electronic structure of disordered conjugated polymers: Polythiophenes, article, November 26, 2008; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc902690/: accessed December 12, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.