Derivation of Mortal Injury Metric for Studies of Rapid Decompression of Depth-Acclimated Physostomous Fish

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In 2005 the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) began a study to investigate the response of hatchery and run-of-the-river (ROR) juvenile Chinook salmon to the effects of rapid decompression during passage through mainstem Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) Kaplan turbines. In laboratory studies conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for USACE since 2005, juvenile fish have been exposed to rapid decompression in a barometric pressure chamber. An initial study considered the response of juvenile Chinook salmon bearing radio transmitters to rapid decompression resulting from exposure to a pressure time history simulating the worst case condition that might ... continued below

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McKinstry, Craig A.; Carlson, Thomas J. & Brown, Richard S. November 5, 2007.

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In 2005 the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) began a study to investigate the response of hatchery and run-of-the-river (ROR) juvenile Chinook salmon to the effects of rapid decompression during passage through mainstem Federal Columbia River Power System (FCRPS) Kaplan turbines. In laboratory studies conducted by Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) for USACE since 2005, juvenile fish have been exposed to rapid decompression in a barometric pressure chamber. An initial study considered the response of juvenile Chinook salmon bearing radio transmitters to rapid decompression resulting from exposure to a pressure time history simulating the worst case condition that might be experienced during passage through an operating turbine. The study in 2005 found that acclimation depth was a very important treatment factor that greatly influenced the significantly higher incidence of injury and mortality of rapidly decompressed Chinook salmon bearing radio telemetry devices. In 2006 we initiated a statistical investigation using data in hand into derivation of a new end-point measure for assessment of the physiological response of juvenile Chinook salmon to rapid decompression. Our goal was a measure that would more fully utilize both mortality and injury data while providing a better assessment of the most likely survival outcome for juvenile physostomous fish exposed to rapid decompression. The conclusion of the analysis process was to classify fish as mortally injured when any of the 8 injuries are present, regardless of whether the fish was last observed alive or not. The mortally injured classification has replaced mortality as the end point metric for our rapid decompression studies. The process described in this report is an example of how a data set may be analyzed to identify decision criterion for objective classification of test fish to a specific end-point. The resulting list of 8 mortal injuries is applicable to assess injuries from rapid decompression and is currently being applied to ongoing studies. We intend to update this analysis as more data becomes available and to extend it to ROR Chinook salmon smolt. The method itself is applicable to other injury and mortality data for juvenile salmonids from laboratory and field studies related to all dam passage routes and for collision, strike, and shear injuries in addition to decompression.

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  • Report No.: PNNL-17080
  • Grant Number: AC05-76RL01830
  • DOI: 10.2172/919710 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 919710
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc902659

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  • November 5, 2007

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 23, 2016, 12:42 p.m.

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McKinstry, Craig A.; Carlson, Thomas J. & Brown, Richard S. Derivation of Mortal Injury Metric for Studies of Rapid Decompression of Depth-Acclimated Physostomous Fish, report, November 5, 2007; Richland, Washington. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc902659/: accessed December 16, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.