Policy Strategies and Paths to promote Sustainable Energy Systems- The dynamic Invert Simulation Tool

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The European Union has established a number of targetsregarding energy efficiency, Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and CO2reductions as the 'GREEN PAPER on Energy Efficiency', the Directive for'promotion of the use of bio-fuels or other renewable fuels fortransport' or 'Directive of the European Parliament of the Council on thepromotion of cogeneration based on a useful heat demand in the internalenergy market'. A lot of the according RES and RUE measures are notattractive for investors from an economic point of view. Thereforegovernmentsall over the world have to spend public money to promotethese technologies/measures to bring them into market. These expenditureshave to be ... continued below

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Stadler, Michael; Kranzl, Lukas; Huber, Claus; Haas, Reinhard & Tsioliaridou, Elena May 1, 2006.

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The European Union has established a number of targetsregarding energy efficiency, Renewable Energy Sources (RES) and CO2reductions as the 'GREEN PAPER on Energy Efficiency', the Directive for'promotion of the use of bio-fuels or other renewable fuels fortransport' or 'Directive of the European Parliament of the Council on thepromotion of cogeneration based on a useful heat demand in the internalenergy market'. A lot of the according RES and RUE measures are notattractive for investors from an economic point of view. Thereforegovernmentsall over the world have to spend public money to promotethese technologies/measures to bring them into market. These expenditureshave to be adjusted to budget concerns and should be spent mostefficiently. Therefore, the spent money has to be dedicated totechnologies and efficiency measures with the best yield in CO2 reductionwithout wasting money. The core question: "How can public money - forpromoting sustainable energy systems - be spent most efficiently toreduce GHG-emissions?" has been well investigated by the European projectInvert. In course of this project a simulation tool has been designed toanswer this core question. This paper describes the modelling with theInvert simulation tool and shows the key features necessary forsimulating the energy system. A definition of 'Promotion SchemeEfficiency' is given which allows estimating the most cost effectivetechnologies and/or efficiency measures to reduce CO2 emissions.Investigations performed with the Invert simulation tool deliver anoptimum portfolio mix of technologies and efficiency measures for eachselected region. Within Invert seven European regions were simulated andfor the Austrian case study the detailed portfolio mix is shown andpolitical conclusions are derived.

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  • Journal Name: Energy Policy; Journal Volume: 35; Journal Issue: 1; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 01/2007

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  • Report No.: LBNL--60230
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 923637
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc902562

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  • May 1, 2006

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Dec. 9, 2016, 10:04 p.m.

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Stadler, Michael; Kranzl, Lukas; Huber, Claus; Haas, Reinhard & Tsioliaridou, Elena. Policy Strategies and Paths to promote Sustainable Energy Systems- The dynamic Invert Simulation Tool, article, May 1, 2006; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc902562/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.