Accelerator mass spectrometry of Strontium-90 for homeland security, environmental monitoring, and human health

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Strontium-90 is one of the most hazardous materials managed by agencies charged with protecting the public from radiation. Traditional radiometric methods have been limited by low sample throughput and slow turnaround times. Mass spectrometry offers the advantage of shorter analysis times and the ability to measure samples immediately after processing, however conventional mass spectrometric techniques are susceptible to molecular isobaric interferences that limit their overall sensitivity. In contrast, accelerator mass spectrometry is insensitive to molecular interferences and we have therefore begun developing a method for determination of {sup 90}Sr by accelerator mass spectrometry. Despite a pervasive interference from {sup 90}Zr, ... continued below

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Tumey, S J; Brown, T A; Hamilton, T F & Hillegonds, D J March 3, 2008.

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Strontium-90 is one of the most hazardous materials managed by agencies charged with protecting the public from radiation. Traditional radiometric methods have been limited by low sample throughput and slow turnaround times. Mass spectrometry offers the advantage of shorter analysis times and the ability to measure samples immediately after processing, however conventional mass spectrometric techniques are susceptible to molecular isobaric interferences that limit their overall sensitivity. In contrast, accelerator mass spectrometry is insensitive to molecular interferences and we have therefore begun developing a method for determination of {sup 90}Sr by accelerator mass spectrometry. Despite a pervasive interference from {sup 90}Zr, our initial development has yielded an instrumental background of {approx} 10{sup 8} atoms (75 mBq) per sample. Further refinement of our system (e.g., redesign of our detector, use of alternative target materials) is expected to push the background below 10{sup 6} atoms, close to the theoretical limit for AMS. Once we have refined our system and developed suitable sample preparation protocols, we will utilize our capability in applications to homeland security, environmental monitoring, and human health.

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PDF-file: 15 pages; size: 0.2 Mbytes

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  • Journal Name: Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B: Beam Interactions with Material and Atoms, vol. 266, N/A, May 30, 2008, pp. 2242-2245; Journal Volume: 266

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  • Report No.: LLNL-JRNL-402381
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 945145
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc902467

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  • March 3, 2008

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Dec. 2, 2016, 7:02 p.m.

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Tumey, S J; Brown, T A; Hamilton, T F & Hillegonds, D J. Accelerator mass spectrometry of Strontium-90 for homeland security, environmental monitoring, and human health, article, March 3, 2008; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc902467/: accessed September 22, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.