A Proposal for High-resolution X-ray Imaging of Intermodal Cargo Containers for Fissionable Materials

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The sensitivity for identification of high-Z objects in elemental form in the massive cargo of intermodal containers with continuous bremsstrahlung radiation depends critically on discriminating the weak signal from uncollided photons from the very intense flux of scattered radiations that penetrate the cargo. We propose that this might be accomplished by rejection of detected events with E {le} 2-3 MeV that contain the majority of multiply-scattered photons along with a correction for single-scattered photons at higher energies. Monte Carlo simulations of radiographs with a 9-MeV bremsstrahlung spectrum demonstrate that rejection of detected events with E {le} 3 MeV removes the ... continued below

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PDF-file: 17 pages; size: 0.2 Mbytes

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Quiter, B J; Prussin, S G; Pohl, B; Hall, J; Trebes, J; Stone, G et al. July 5, 2007.

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The sensitivity for identification of high-Z objects in elemental form in the massive cargo of intermodal containers with continuous bremsstrahlung radiation depends critically on discriminating the weak signal from uncollided photons from the very intense flux of scattered radiations that penetrate the cargo. We propose that this might be accomplished by rejection of detected events with E {le} 2-3 MeV that contain the majority of multiply-scattered photons along with a correction for single-scattered photons at higher energies. Monte Carlo simulations of radiographs with a 9-MeV bremsstrahlung spectrum demonstrate that rejection of detected events with E {le} 3 MeV removes the majority of signals from scattered photons emerging through cargo with Z {le} 30 and areal densities of at least 145 g cm{sup -2}. With analytical estimates of the single-scattered intensity at higher energies, accurate estimates of linear attenuation coefficients for shielded and unshielded uranium spheres with masses as small as 0.08 kg are found. The estimated maximum dose is generally so low that reasonable order tomography of interesting portions of a container should be possible.

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PDF-file: 17 pages; size: 0.2 Mbytes

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  • Journal Name: Journal of Applied Physics, vol. 103, no. 6, March 24, 2008, pp. 064910; Journal Volume: 103; Journal Issue: 6

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JRNL-232549
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 942011
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc902306

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  • July 5, 2007

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 30, 2016, 6:47 p.m.

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Quiter, B J; Prussin, S G; Pohl, B; Hall, J; Trebes, J; Stone, G et al. A Proposal for High-resolution X-ray Imaging of Intermodal Cargo Containers for Fissionable Materials, article, July 5, 2007; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc902306/: accessed September 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.