Development of the table of initial isolation distances and protective action distances for the 2004 emergency response guidebook.

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This report provides technical documentation for values in the Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances (PADs) in the 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG2004). The objective for choosing the PADs specified in the ERG2004 is to balance the need to adequately protect the public from exposure to potentially harmful substances against the risks and expenses that could result from overreacting to a spill. To quantify this balance, a statistical approach is adopted, whereby the best available information is used to conduct an accident scenario analysis and develop a set of up to 1,000,000 hypothetical incidents. The set accounts for ... continued below

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Brown, D. F.; Freeman, W. A.; Carhart, R. A.; Krumpolc, M.; Sciences, Decision and Information & Chicago, Univ. of Illinois at September 23, 2005.

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Description

This report provides technical documentation for values in the Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Action Distances (PADs) in the 2004 Emergency Response Guidebook (ERG2004). The objective for choosing the PADs specified in the ERG2004 is to balance the need to adequately protect the public from exposure to potentially harmful substances against the risks and expenses that could result from overreacting to a spill. To quantify this balance, a statistical approach is adopted, whereby the best available information is used to conduct an accident scenario analysis and develop a set of up to 1,000,000 hypothetical incidents. The set accounts for differences in containers types, incident types, accident severity (i.e., amounts released), locations, times of day, times of year, and meteorological conditions. Each scenario is analyzed using detailed emission rate and atmospheric dispersion models to calculate the downwind chemical concentrations from which a 'safe distance' is determined. The safe distance is defined as the distance downwind from the source at which the chemical concentration falls below health protection criteria. The American Industrial Hygiene Association's Emergency Response Planning Guideline Level 2 (ERPG-2) or equivalent is the health criteria used. The statistical sample of safe distance values for all incidents considered in the analysis are separated into four categories: small spill/daytime release, small spill/nighttime release, large spill/daytime release, and large spill/nighttime release. The 90th-percentile safe distance values for each of these groups became the PADs that appear in the ERG2004.

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  • Report No.: ANL/DIS-05-2
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-06CH11357
  • DOI: 10.2172/925265 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 925265
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc902125

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  • September 23, 2005

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Sept. 28, 2016, 6:01 p.m.

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Brown, D. F.; Freeman, W. A.; Carhart, R. A.; Krumpolc, M.; Sciences, Decision and Information & Chicago, Univ. of Illinois at. Development of the table of initial isolation distances and protective action distances for the 2004 emergency response guidebook., report, September 23, 2005; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc902125/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.