Towards quantum information processing with impurity spins insilicon

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

Description

The finding of algorithms for factoring and data base search that promise substantially increased computational power, as well as the expectation for efficient simulation of quantum systems have spawned an intense interest in the realization of quantum information processors [1]. Solid state implementations of quantum computers scaled to >1000 quantum bits ('qubits') promise to revolutionize information technology, but requirements with regard to sources of decoherence in solid state environments are sobering. Here, we briefly review basic approaches to impurity spin based qubits and present progress in our effort to form prototype qubit test structures. Since Kane's bold silicon based spin ... continued below

Creation Information

Schenkel, T.; Liddle, J.A.; Bokor, J.; Rangelow, I.W.; Park,S.J. & Persaud, A. March 1, 2004.

Context

This article is part of the collection entitled: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports and was provided by UNT Libraries Government Documents Department to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries. More information about this article can be viewed below.

Who

People and organizations associated with either the creation of this article or its content.

Publisher

Provided By

UNT Libraries Government Documents Department

Serving as both a federal and a state depository library, the UNT Libraries Government Documents Department maintains millions of items in a variety of formats. The department is a member of the FDLP Content Partnerships Program and an Affiliated Archive of the National Archives.

Contact Us

What

Descriptive information to help identify this article. Follow the links below to find similar items on the Digital Library.

Description

The finding of algorithms for factoring and data base search that promise substantially increased computational power, as well as the expectation for efficient simulation of quantum systems have spawned an intense interest in the realization of quantum information processors [1]. Solid state implementations of quantum computers scaled to >1000 quantum bits ('qubits') promise to revolutionize information technology, but requirements with regard to sources of decoherence in solid state environments are sobering. Here, we briefly review basic approaches to impurity spin based qubits and present progress in our effort to form prototype qubit test structures. Since Kane's bold silicon based spin qubit proposal was first published in 1998 [2], several groups have taken up the challenge of fabricating elementary building blocks [3-5], and several exciting variations of single donor qubit schemes have emerged [6]. Single donor atoms, e. g. {sup 31}P, are 'natural quantum dots' in a silicon matrix, and the spins of electrons and nuclei of individual donor atoms are attractive two level systems for encoding of quantum information. The coupling to the solid state environment is weak, so that decoherence times are long (hours for nuclear spins, and {approx}60 ms for electron spins of isolated P atoms in silicon [7]), while control over individual spins for one qubit operations becomes possible when individual qubits are aligned to electrodes that allow shifting of electron spin resonances in global magnetic fields by application of control voltages. Two qubit operations require an interaction that couples, and entangles qubits. The exchange interaction, J, is a prime candidate for mediation of two qubit operations, since it can be turned on and off by variation of the wave function overlap between neighboring qubits, and coherent manipulation of quantum information with the exchange interaction alone has been shown to be universal [8]. However, detailed band structure calculations and theoretical analysis of J coupling between electrons bound to phosphorus atoms at low temperatures in silicon revealed strong oscillations of the coupling strength as a function of donor spacing on a sub-nm length scale [9]. These oscillations translate into scattering of interaction strength for ensembles of qubit spacings which in turn poses a serious obstacle to scalability [10]. Two alternatives to J coupling are dipolar coupling [11] and spin coherent shuttling of electrons between donor sites [12]. Readout of single electron spins poses another critical challenge [13, 14], and inferring spin orientations from charge measurements in spin dependent charge transfer reactions seems to be viable route to single shot single spin readout. This readout can be accomplished with single electron transistors, which are used as sensitive electrometers [15]. Impurity spin based qubit schemes in silicon have to overcome a significant nanofabrication challenge so that a test bed regime can be entered where fundamental properties and rudimentary operations can be investigated. In order to form such test devices, three key components have to be integrated: (1) an array of single dopant atoms has to be formed; (2) single dopant atoms are aligned to control gates; and (3) single dopant atoms are also aligned to a readout device.

Source

  • 2004 American Vacuum Society (AVS) 5thInternational Conference on Microelectronics, and Interfaces, SantaClara, CA, March 1-3, 2004

Language

Item Type

Identifier

Unique identifying numbers for this article in the Digital Library or other systems.

  • Report No.: LBNL--54449
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 924830
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc901826

Collections

This article is part of the following collection of related materials.

Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

What responsibilities do I have when using this article?

When

Dates and time periods associated with this article.

Creation Date

  • March 1, 2004

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • Dec. 7, 2016, 11:17 p.m.

Usage Statistics

When was this article last used?

Yesterday: 0
Past 30 days: 0
Total Uses: 2

Interact With This Article

Here are some suggestions for what to do next.

Start Reading

PDF Version Also Available for Download.

International Image Interoperability Framework

IIF Logo

We support the IIIF Presentation API

Schenkel, T.; Liddle, J.A.; Bokor, J.; Rangelow, I.W.; Park,S.J. & Persaud, A. Towards quantum information processing with impurity spins insilicon, article, March 1, 2004; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc901826/: accessed October 20, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.