Optimization and geophysical inverse problems Page: 8 of 37
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Because o can vary over extremely large ranges in the earth, it is common to write -(z) = em(z)
and let m(z) represent the model parameter. The differential equation then becomes
dz2 E(z, w) + iwpem(z)E(z, w) = 0 , (3)
and the inverse problem is to solve for m(z) at all depths 0 < z < Z.
Problem 3 - Seismic Sounding
The third problem is one version of the type of hyperbolic second-order differential equations
that are common in seismology. Consider an earth in which the seismic velocities and density
vary only as a function of depth z. Then the elastodynamic equations of motion in the frequency-
slowness domain can be put in the form
dz v(w, p, z) = w A(p, z) v(w, p, z)+ f(w, p) , (4)
w is angular frequency in units of radians s-1,
p is horizontal slowness of the wave in units of s m-
z is depth below the surface of the earth in units of m,
v(w, p, z) is the displacement-stress vector v = [uz, uX, rzz/w, Tzx/W]T
A(p, z) is a matrix depending upon the material properties of the medium,
P (z)+2(z2) A(z)+2 (z) 0
A(p, z) = -p 0 0 1 (5)
-p(z) 0 0 p
S P2'Y(z) - P(z) -Pz +(2 z) 0
-y(z) = 4p(z) ,~)+yz
A(z) + 2P(z)
A(z) and lt(z) are elastic constants in units of kg m-1 s-2,
p(z) is the density in units of kg m3,
f(w,p) is the source vector that acts at the depth zs,
f(w, p) = .( (0
f (w, p)/w
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Barhen, J.; Berryman, J.G.; Borcea, L.; Dennis, J.; de Groot-Hedlin, C.; Gilbert, F. et al. Optimization and geophysical inverse problems, report, October 1, 2000; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc901685/m1/8/: accessed November 12, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.