GROWTH REGULATION IN RSV INFECTED CHECKEN EMBRYO FIBROBLASTS: THE ROLE OF THE src GENE

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The relationship between growth regulation and cell transformation has been studied in many cultured cell lines transformed by a range of oncogenic agents. The main conclusion derived from these investigations is that the nature of the growth regulatory lesion in transformed cells is a function of the agent used to induce transformation. For example, when 3T3 fibroblasts are rendered stationary by serum deprivation, normal cells accumulate in G{sub 1} but SV40 transformed cells are arrested at all stages of the cell cycle. In contrast, 3T3 cells transformed with Rous sarcoma virus B77, accumulate in G{sub 1} upon serum deprivation. This ... continued below

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Parry, G.; Bartholomew, J.C. & Bissell, M.J. March 1, 1980.

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The relationship between growth regulation and cell transformation has been studied in many cultured cell lines transformed by a range of oncogenic agents. The main conclusion derived from these investigations is that the nature of the growth regulatory lesion in transformed cells is a function of the agent used to induce transformation. For example, when 3T3 fibroblasts are rendered stationary by serum deprivation, normal cells accumulate in G{sub 1} but SV40 transformed cells are arrested at all stages of the cell cycle. In contrast, 3T3 cells transformed with Rous sarcoma virus B77, accumulate in G{sub 1} upon serum deprivation. This is also true when mouse sarcoma virus (MSV) is used as the transforming agent. MSV-transformed cells accumulate in G{sub 1}, just as do normal cells. In this letter we report a detailed study of the mechanisms leading to loss of growth control in chicken embryo fibroblasts transformed by Rous sarcoma virus (RSV). We have been particularly concerned with the role of the src gene in the process, and have used RSV mutants temperature sensitive (ts) for transformation to investigate the nature of the growth regulatory lesion. Two principal findings have emerged: (a) the stationary phase of the cell cycle (G{sub 1}) in chick embryo fibroblasts has two distinct compartments, (for simplicity referred to as G{sub 1} and G{sub 0} states), (b) when rendered stationary at 41.5{sup o} by serum deprivation, normal cells enter a G{sub 0}-like state, but cells infected with the ts-mutant occupy a G{sub 1} state, even though a known src gene product, a kinase, should be inactive at this temperature. The possibility is discussed that viral factors other than the active src protein kinase influence growth control.

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  • Report No.: LBL-10663
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • DOI: 10.2172/939469 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 939469
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc901660

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • March 1, 1980

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Oct. 3, 2016, 4:19 p.m.

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Parry, G.; Bartholomew, J.C. & Bissell, M.J. GROWTH REGULATION IN RSV INFECTED CHECKEN EMBRYO FIBROBLASTS: THE ROLE OF THE src GENE, report, March 1, 1980; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc901660/: accessed December 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.