DHS Student Report

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Throughout this project I have been involved in every step of the protocol. After proper training, I was introduced to the necessary lab techniques for the project. From then on it has been my responsibility to perform the necessary tasks to identify and isolate the mutants. This includes carrying out a detailed protocol of mixing reagents, streaking and incubating plates, inoculating cultures and evaluating any results in order to guide my actions for the next antibiotic concentration level. Simultaneously, I have been running PCR and sequencing reactions on all mutants in order to obtain the genetic sequence of the genes ... continued below

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[10] p. ; 65 KB

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Wynne, Elizabeth K. July 23, 2007.

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Description

Throughout this project I have been involved in every step of the protocol. After proper training, I was introduced to the necessary lab techniques for the project. From then on it has been my responsibility to perform the necessary tasks to identify and isolate the mutants. This includes carrying out a detailed protocol of mixing reagents, streaking and incubating plates, inoculating cultures and evaluating any results in order to guide my actions for the next antibiotic concentration level. Simultaneously, I have been running PCR and sequencing reactions on all mutants in order to obtain the genetic sequence of the genes of interest for comparison. Once I have the gene sequences of interest I am able, with the aid of a sequencing program (Sequencher 4.2.2), to analyze the sequences of the mutants against that of a wild type strain. This entails aligning the DNA sequences of a given gene for each of the mutants and locating any base changes from the wild types bacteria's genes. These polymorphisms allow me to identify the QRDR for that particular gene. Depending on whether the polymorphism occurred at a low antibiotic concentration level or high concentration level, we can evaluate whether that change is necessary for low or high-level quinolone resistance. Finally, I will compare the polymorphisms of each mutant at a given antibiotic selection level and evaluate whether B. anthracis consistently acquires resistance through the same polymorphisms or whether the resistance mechanism varies with each new mutant strain. Currently, I am analyzing the sequence data for stage one mutants, while simultaneously continuing the lab work necessary to select for stage two mutants. After I have left, the personnel at the lab that I've been working with at LLNL will continue this project. By the end of this experiment, we hope to corroborate the suggested mechanisms of resistance typically employed by B. anthracis Sterne at different resistance levels. Furthermore, if the mechanism is determined by one of the following genes: gyrA, gyrB, parC, parE we will be able to pinpoint which base pair changes are necessary for acquiring a given resistance level. Hopefully from these data researchers will be better able to determine an appropriate action should quinolone resistant strains of B. anthracis arise in either by natural evolution or selection in a laboratory.

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[10] p. ; 65 KB

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  • Report No.: UCRL-TR-233211
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/921154 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 921154
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc901031

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

Office of Scientific and Technical Information (OSTI) is the Department of Energy (DOE) office that collects, preserves, and disseminates DOE-sponsored research and development (R&D) results that are the outcomes of R&D projects or other funded activities at DOE labs and facilities nationwide and grantees at universities and other institutions.

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Creation Date

  • July 23, 2007

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

Description Last Updated

  • March 6, 2017, 4:03 p.m.

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Wynne, Elizabeth K. DHS Student Report, report, July 23, 2007; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc901031/: accessed December 11, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.