Long Pulse High Performance Plasma Scenario Development for the National Spherical Torus Experiment

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The National Spherical Torus Experiment [Ono et al., Nucl. Fusion, 44, 452 (2004)] is targeting long pulse high performance, noninductive sustained operations at low aspect ratio, and the demonstration of nonsolenoidal startup and current rampup. The modeling of these plasmas provides a framework for experimental planning and identifies the tools to access these regimes. Simulations based on neutral beam injection (NBI)-heated plasmas are made to understand the impact of various modifications and identify the requirements for (1) high elongation and triangularity, (2) density control to optimize the current drive, (3) plasma rotation and/or feedback stabilization to operate above the no-wall ... continued below

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056108-1-12

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Kessel, C.E.; Bell, R.E.; Bell, M.G.; Gates, D.A. & Harvey, R.W. January 1, 2006.

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The National Spherical Torus Experiment [Ono et al., Nucl. Fusion, 44, 452 (2004)] is targeting long pulse high performance, noninductive sustained operations at low aspect ratio, and the demonstration of nonsolenoidal startup and current rampup. The modeling of these plasmas provides a framework for experimental planning and identifies the tools to access these regimes. Simulations based on neutral beam injection (NBI)-heated plasmas are made to understand the impact of various modifications and identify the requirements for (1) high elongation and triangularity, (2) density control to optimize the current drive, (3) plasma rotation and/or feedback stabilization to operate above the no-wall limit, and (4) electron Bernstein waves (EBW) for off-axis heating/current drive (H/CD). Integrated scenarios are constructed to provide the transport evolution and H/CD source modeling, supported by rf and stability analyses. Important factors include the energy confinement, Zeff, early heating/H mode, broadening of the NBI-driven current profile, and maintaining q(0) and qmin>1.0. Simulations show that noninductive sustained plasmas can be reached at IP=800 kA, BT=0.5 T, 2.5, N5, 15%, fNI=92%, and q(0)>1.0 with NBI H/CD, density control, and similar global energy confinement to experiments. The noninductive sustained high plasmas can be reached at IP=1.0 MA, BT=0.35 T, 2.5, N9, 43%, fNI=100%, and q(0)>1.5 with NBI H/CD and 3.0 MW of EBW H/CD, density control, and 25% higher global energy confinement than experiments. A scenario for nonsolenoidal plasma current rampup is developed using high harmonic fast wave H/CD in the early low IP and low Te phase, followed by NBI H/CD to continue the current ramp, reaching a maximum of 480 kA after 3.4 s.

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056108-1-12

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  • Physics of Plasmas, Volume 13. Issue 5
  • Physics of Plasmas 13, 056108 (2006)

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  • Report No.: PPPL-4141
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-76CH03073
  • DOI: 10.1063/1.2177645 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 941504
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc900802

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  • January 1, 2006

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 18, 2016, 10:11 p.m.

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Kessel, C.E.; Bell, R.E.; Bell, M.G.; Gates, D.A. & Harvey, R.W. Long Pulse High Performance Plasma Scenario Development for the National Spherical Torus Experiment, article, January 1, 2006; Princeton, New Jersey. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc900802/: accessed September 23, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.