Neutron Scattering Cross Sections for Natural Carbon in the Energy Range 2-133 keV

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Natural carbon is well known as reactor structure material and at the same time as one of the most important neutron scattering standards, especially at energies less than 2 MeV, where the neutron total and neutron scattering cross sections are essentially identical. The best neutron total cross section experimental data for natural carbon in the range 1-500 keV have uncertainties of 1-4%. However, the difference between these data and those based on R-matrix analysis and used in the ENDF libraries is evident, especially in the energy range 1-60 keV. Experimental data for total scattering neutron cross sections for this element ... continued below

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Gritzay, O; Gnidak, M; Kolotyi, V; Korol, O; Razbudey, V; Venedyktov, V et al. June 14, 2006.

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Natural carbon is well known as reactor structure material and at the same time as one of the most important neutron scattering standards, especially at energies less than 2 MeV, where the neutron total and neutron scattering cross sections are essentially identical. The best neutron total cross section experimental data for natural carbon in the range 1-500 keV have uncertainties of 1-4%. However, the difference between these data and those based on R-matrix analysis and used in the ENDF libraries is evident, especially in the energy range 1-60 keV. Experimental data for total scattering neutron cross sections for this element in the energy range 1-200 keV are scanty. The use of the technique of neutron filtered beams developed at the Kyiv Research Reactor makes it possible to reduce the uncertainty of the experimental data and to measure the neutron scattering cross sections on natural carbon in the energy range 2-149 keV with accuracies of 3-6%. Investigations of the neutron scattering cross section on carbon were carried out using 5 filters with energies 2, 3.5, 24, 54 and 133 keV. The neutron scattering cross sections were measured using a detector system covering nearly 2{pi}. The detector consisting of {sup 3}He counters (58 units), was located just above the carbon samples. The {sup 3}He counters (CHM-37, 7 atm, diameter =18 mm, L=50 cm) are placed in five layers (12 or 11 in each layer). To determine the neutron scattering cross section on carbon the relative method of measurement was used. The isotope {sup 208}Pb was used as the standard. The normalization factor, which is a function of detector efficiency, thickness of the carbon samples, thickness of the {sup 208}Pb sample, geometry, etc., for each sample and for each filter energy has been obtained through Monte Carlo calculations by means of the MCNP4C code. The results of measurements of the neutron scattering cross sections at reactor neutron filtered beams with energies in the range 2-133 keV on carbon samples together with the known experimental data from database EXFOR/CSISRS and ENDF libraries are presented.

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PDF-file: 10 pages; size: 0.3 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: INMM 47th Annual Conference, Nashville, TN, United States, Jul 15 - Jul 23, 2006

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  • Report No.: UCRL-CONF-222156
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 929168
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc900768

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  • June 14, 2006

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 30, 2016, 12:48 p.m.

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Gritzay, O; Gnidak, M; Kolotyi, V; Korol, O; Razbudey, V; Venedyktov, V et al. Neutron Scattering Cross Sections for Natural Carbon in the Energy Range 2-133 keV, article, June 14, 2006; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc900768/: accessed December 13, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.