Experimental Determination of ETS Particle Deposition in a Low Ventilation Room

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Deposition on indoor surfaces is an important removal mechanism for tobacco smoke particles. We report measurements of deposition rates of environmental tobacco smoke particles in a room-size chamber. The deposition rates were determined from the changes in measured concentrations by correcting for the effects of coagulation and ventilation. The air flow turbulent intensity parameter was determined independently by measuring the air velocities in the chamber. Particles with diameters smaller than 0.25 {micro}m coagulate to form larger particles of sizes between 0.25-0.5 {micro}m. The effect of coagulation on the particles larger than 0.5 {micro}m was found to be negligible. Comparison between ... continued below

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Xu, M.; Nematollahi, M.; Sextro, R.G.; Gadgil, A.J. & Nazaroff, W.W. May 1, 1993.

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Deposition on indoor surfaces is an important removal mechanism for tobacco smoke particles. We report measurements of deposition rates of environmental tobacco smoke particles in a room-size chamber. The deposition rates were determined from the changes in measured concentrations by correcting for the effects of coagulation and ventilation. The air flow turbulent intensity parameter was determined independently by measuring the air velocities in the chamber. Particles with diameters smaller than 0.25 {micro}m coagulate to form larger particles of sizes between 0.25-0.5 {micro}m. The effect of coagulation on the particles larger than 0.5 {micro}m was found to be negligible. Comparison between our measurements and calculations using Crump and Seinfeld's theory showed smaller measured deposition rates for particles from 0.1 to 0.3 {micro}m in diameter and greater measured deposition rates for particles larger than 0.6 {micro}m at three mixing intensities. Comparison of Nazaroff and Cass model for natural convection flow showed good agreement with the measurements for particles larger than 0.1 {micro}m in diameter, however, measured deposition rates exceeded model prediction by a factor of approximately four for particles in size range 0.05-0.1 {micro}m diameter. These results were used to predict deposition of sidestream smoke particles on interior surfaces. Calculations predict that in 10 hours after smoking one cigarette, 22% of total sidestream particles by mass will deposit on interior surfaces at 0.03 air change per hour (ACH), 6% will deposit at 0.5 ACH, and 3% will deposit at 1 ACH.

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  • Journal Name: Aerosol Science and Technology; Journal Volume: 20; Journal Issue: 2; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 1994

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  • Report No.: LBL-34139
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 939474
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc900633

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  • May 1, 1993

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Jan. 4, 2017, 5:50 p.m.

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Xu, M.; Nematollahi, M.; Sextro, R.G.; Gadgil, A.J. & Nazaroff, W.W. Experimental Determination of ETS Particle Deposition in a Low Ventilation Room, article, May 1, 1993; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc900633/: accessed August 18, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.