Dynamics of Adipocyte Turnover in Humans

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Obesity is increasing in an epidemic fashion in most countries and constitutes a public health problem by enhancing the risk for cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes. Owing to the increase in obesity, life expectancy may start to decrease in developed countries for the first time in recent history. The factors determining fat mass in adult humans are not fully understood, but increased lipid storage in already developed fat cells is thought to be most important. We show that adipocyte number is a major determinant for the fat mass in adults. However, the number of fat ... continued below

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PDF-file: 45 pages; size: 0.7 Mbytes

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Spalding, K; Arner, E; Westermark, P; Bernard, S; Buchholz, B; Bergmann, O et al. July 16, 2007.

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Obesity is increasing in an epidemic fashion in most countries and constitutes a public health problem by enhancing the risk for cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders such as type 2 diabetes. Owing to the increase in obesity, life expectancy may start to decrease in developed countries for the first time in recent history. The factors determining fat mass in adult humans are not fully understood, but increased lipid storage in already developed fat cells is thought to be most important. We show that adipocyte number is a major determinant for the fat mass in adults. However, the number of fat cells stays constant in adulthood in lean and obese and even under extreme conditions, indicating that the number of adipocytes is set during childhood and adolescence. To establish the dynamics within the stable population of adipocytes in adults, we have measured adipocyte turnover by analyzing the integration of {sup 14}C derived from nuclear bomb tests in genomic DNA. Approximately 10% of fat cells are renewed annually at all adult ages and levels of body mass index. Neither adipocyte death nor generation rate is altered in obesity, suggesting a tight regulation of fat cell number that is independent of metabolic profile in adulthood. The high turnover of adipocytes establishes a new therapeutic target for pharmacological intervention in obesity.

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PDF-file: 45 pages; size: 0.7 Mbytes

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  • Journal Name: Nature, vol. 453, na, June 5, 2008, pp. 783-787; Journal Volume: 453

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JRNL-233117
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 940861
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc899776

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  • July 16, 2007

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Dec. 5, 2016, 2:33 p.m.

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Spalding, K; Arner, E; Westermark, P; Bernard, S; Buchholz, B; Bergmann, O et al. Dynamics of Adipocyte Turnover in Humans, article, July 16, 2007; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc899776/: accessed September 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.