The Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 Fluxome under Various OxygenConditions

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The central metabolic fluxes of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1were examined under carbon-limited (aerobic) and oxygen-limited(micro-aerobic) chemostat conditions using 13C labeled lactate as thesole carbon source. The carbon labeling patterns of key amino acids inbiomass were probed using both GC-MS and 13C-NMR. Based on the genomeannotation, a metabolic pathway model was constructed to quantify thecentral metabolic flux distributions. The model showed that thetricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is the major carbon metabolism route underboth conditions. The Entner-Doudoroff and pentose phosphate pathways weremainly utilized for biomass synthesis (flux below 5 percent of thelactate uptake rate). The anapleurotic reactions (pyruvate to malate andoxaloacetate to phosphoenolpyruvate) ... continued below

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Tang, Yinjie J.; Hwang, Judy S.; Wemmer, David E. & Keasling, Jay D. March 17, 2006.

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The central metabolic fluxes of Shewanella oneidensis MR-1were examined under carbon-limited (aerobic) and oxygen-limited(micro-aerobic) chemostat conditions using 13C labeled lactate as thesole carbon source. The carbon labeling patterns of key amino acids inbiomass were probed using both GC-MS and 13C-NMR. Based on the genomeannotation, a metabolic pathway model was constructed to quantify thecentral metabolic flux distributions. The model showed that thetricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle is the major carbon metabolism route underboth conditions. The Entner-Doudoroff and pentose phosphate pathways weremainly utilized for biomass synthesis (flux below 5 percent of thelactate uptake rate). The anapleurotic reactions (pyruvate to malate andoxaloacetate to phosphoenolpyruvate) and the glyoxylate shunt wereactive. Under carbon-limited conditions, a substantial amount of carbonwas oxidized via the highly reversible serine metabolic pathway. Fluxesthrough the TCA cycle were less whereas acetate production was more underoxygen limitation than under carbon limitation. Although fluxdistributions under aerobic, micro-aerobic, and shake-flask cultureconditions were dramatically different, the relative flux ratios of thecentral metabolic reactions did not vary significantly. Hence, S.oneidensis metabolism appears to be quite robust to environmentalchanges. Our study also demonstrates the merit of coupling GC-MS with 13CNMR for metabolic flux analysis to reduce the use of 13C labeledsubstrates and to obtain more accurate flux values.

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  • Journal Name: American Society for Microbiology; Journal Volume: 73; Journal Issue: 3; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 02/2007

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  • Report No.: LBNL--59869
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 919835
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc899624

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  • March 17, 2006

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Sept. 29, 2016, 7:01 p.m.

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Tang, Yinjie J.; Hwang, Judy S.; Wemmer, David E. & Keasling, Jay D. The Shewanella oneidensis MR-1 Fluxome under Various OxygenConditions, article, March 17, 2006; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc899624/: accessed August 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.