Comparison of kinetic and equilibrium reaction models insimulating gas hydrate behavior in porous media

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In this study we compare the use of kinetic and equilibriumreaction models in the simulation of gas (methane) hydrate behavior inporous media. Our objective is to evaluate through numerical simulationthe importance of employing kinetic versus equilibrium reaction modelsfor predicting the response of hydrate-bearing systems to externalstimuli, such as changes in pressure and temperature. Specifically, we(1) analyze and compare the responses simulated using both reactionmodels for natural gas production from hydrates in various settings andfor the case of depressurization in a hydrate-bearing core duringextraction; and (2) examine the sensitivity to factors such as initialhydrate saturation, hydrate reaction surface area, and numericaldiscretization. ... continued below

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Kowalsky, Michael B. & Moridis, George J. November 29, 2006.

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In this study we compare the use of kinetic and equilibriumreaction models in the simulation of gas (methane) hydrate behavior inporous media. Our objective is to evaluate through numerical simulationthe importance of employing kinetic versus equilibrium reaction modelsfor predicting the response of hydrate-bearing systems to externalstimuli, such as changes in pressure and temperature. Specifically, we(1) analyze and compare the responses simulated using both reactionmodels for natural gas production from hydrates in various settings andfor the case of depressurization in a hydrate-bearing core duringextraction; and (2) examine the sensitivity to factors such as initialhydrate saturation, hydrate reaction surface area, and numericaldiscretization. We find that for large-scale systems undergoing thermalstimulation and depressurization, the calculated responses for bothreaction models are remarkably similar, though some differences areobserved at early times. However, for modeling short-term processes, suchas the rapid recovery of a hydrate-bearing core, kinetic limitations canbe important, and neglecting them may lead to significantunder-prediction of recoverable hydrate. The use of the equilibriumreaction model often appears to be justified and preferred for simulatingthe behavior of gas hydrates, given that the computational demands forthe kinetic reaction model far exceed those for the equilibrium reactionmodel.

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  • Journal Name: Energy Conversion and Management; Journal Volume: 48; Journal Issue: 6; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: February 28,2007

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  • Report No.: LBNL--61009
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 923006
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc899560

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  • November 29, 2006

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Sept. 29, 2016, 7:45 p.m.

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Kowalsky, Michael B. & Moridis, George J. Comparison of kinetic and equilibrium reaction models insimulating gas hydrate behavior in porous media, article, November 29, 2006; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc899560/: accessed August 17, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.