RESULTS OF EXPERIMENT TO DETERMINE CORROSION RATES FOR 304L IN HB-LINE DISSOLVER VESSEL VENTILATION SYSTEM

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Radioactive material being processed as part of the DE3013 program for HB-Line will result in the presence of chlorides, and in some cases fluorides, in the dissolver. Material Science and Technology developed an experimental plan to evaluate the impact of chloride on corrosion of the dissolver vessel ventilation system. The plan set test variables from the proposed operating parameters, previous test results, and a desired maximum chloride concentration for processing. The test variables included concentrations of nitric acid, fluorides and chlorides, and the presence of a welded and stressed metal coupon. Table 1 contains expected general corrosion rates in the ... continued below

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Mickalonis, J & Kathryn Counts, K February 22, 2008.

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Radioactive material being processed as part of the DE3013 program for HB-Line will result in the presence of chlorides, and in some cases fluorides, in the dissolver. Material Science and Technology developed an experimental plan to evaluate the impact of chloride on corrosion of the dissolver vessel ventilation system. The plan set test variables from the proposed operating parameters, previous test results, and a desired maximum chloride concentration for processing. The test variables included concentrations of nitric acid, fluorides and chlorides, and the presence of a welded and stressed metal coupon. Table 1 contains expected general corrosion rates in the HB-Line vessel vent system from dissolution of 3013 contents of varying nitric acid and chloride content. These general corrosion rates were measured upstream of the condenser in the experiment's offgas system near the entrance to the dissolver. However, they could apply elsewhere in the offgas system, depending on factors not simulated in the testing, including offgas system temperatures and airflow. Localized corrosion was significant in Tests One, Two, and Three. This corrosion is significant because it will probably be the first mode of penetration of the 304L steel in several places in the system. See Table 2. For Tests One and Three, the penetration rate of localized corrosion was much higher than that for general corrosion. It was approximately four times higher in Test One and at least 45 times higher in Test Three, penetrating an entire coupon thickness of 54 mils in 186 hours or less. There was no significant difference in corrosion between welded areas and un-welded areas on coupons. There was also no significant attack on stressed portions of coupons. It is probable that the lack of corrosion was because the stressed areas were facing downwards and offered no place for condensation or deposits to form. Had deposits formed, pitting may have occurred and led to stress corrosion cracking. The significant localized corrosion observed was usually associated with deposits. General corrosion on the offgas coupons was extremely high for the test containing 10,000 ppm chloride in the dissolver solution. Localized corrosion caused deep penetration of coupon surfaces with a solution of 2000 ppm chloride, both at 12 M and 8 M nitric acid. We recommend that when processing chloride-containing solutions, the pre-condenser side of the vessel vent system be inspected at a frequency calculated from acceptable material losses and expected general corrosion rate. The presence of deposits and heavy condensation during inspection should be taken as indicators of possibly severe localized corrosion.

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  • Report No.: WSRC-STI-2007-00723
  • Grant Number: DE-AC09-96SR18500
  • DOI: 10.2172/927598 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 927598
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc899466

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  • February 22, 2008

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Dec. 12, 2016, 6:07 p.m.

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Mickalonis, J & Kathryn Counts, K. RESULTS OF EXPERIMENT TO DETERMINE CORROSION RATES FOR 304L IN HB-LINE DISSOLVER VESSEL VENTILATION SYSTEM, report, February 22, 2008; [Aiken, South Carolina]. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc899466/: accessed October 15, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.