In-situ Fracture Studies and Modeling of the Toughening Mechanism Present in Wrought LCAC, TZM, and ODS Molybdenum Flat Products

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In-situ testing, ultrasonic C-scans, and metallography were used to show that a crack-divider delamination form of thin-sheet toughening occurs in wrought Low Carbon Arc Cast (LCAC) unalloyed molybdenum, Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) molybdenum, and TZM molybdenum at temperatures {ge} the Ductile to Brittle Transition Temperature (DBTT). Cracking along boundaries relieves mechanical constraint to free ligaments that may plastically stretch to produce toughening. Anisotropy in fracture toughness with lower values in the short-transverse direction is shown to produce the crack divider delaminations at the crack tip in the LT and TL orientations. The delamination zone increases with increasing stress-intensity to sizes ... continued below

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Cockerman, B. V. and Chan, K. S. July 1, 2007.

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In-situ testing, ultrasonic C-scans, and metallography were used to show that a crack-divider delamination form of thin-sheet toughening occurs in wrought Low Carbon Arc Cast (LCAC) unalloyed molybdenum, Oxide Dispersion Strengthened (ODS) molybdenum, and TZM molybdenum at temperatures {ge} the Ductile to Brittle Transition Temperature (DBTT). Cracking along boundaries relieves mechanical constraint to free ligaments that may plastically stretch to produce toughening. Anisotropy in fracture toughness with lower values in the short-transverse direction is shown to produce the crack divider delaminations at the crack tip in the LT and TL orientations. The delamination zone increases with increasing stress-intensity to sizes significantly larger than the plastic zone, which leads to large increases in fracture toughness by the thin sheet toughening mechanism. Fracture in ODS Mo-alloys proceeds mainly along grain boundaries to produce small ligaments that exhibit ductility for both LT and TL orientations resulting in a lower DBTT and higher toughness values at lower temperatures than observed in LCAC and TZM. A combination of grain boundary fracture and cleavage is prevalent in LCAC molybdenum and TZM. The predominance for microcracking along grain boundaries to leave fine, ductile ligaments in ODS molybdenum can be attributed to a fine-grained microstructure with {approx} 1-2 {micro}m thickness of sheet-like grains. The presence of mixed grain boundary fracture and cleavage in LCAC and TZM can be attributed to a microstructure with a larger thickness of sheet-like grains (4-15 {micro}m).

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  • Annual Meetingf of the Minerals, Metals and Materials Society

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  • Report No.: B-T-3613
  • Grant Number: DE-AC11-98PN38206
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 923317
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc898164

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  • July 1, 2007

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 29, 2016, 2:42 p.m.

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Cockerman, B. V. and Chan, K. S. In-situ Fracture Studies and Modeling of the Toughening Mechanism Present in Wrought LCAC, TZM, and ODS Molybdenum Flat Products, article, July 1, 2007; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc898164/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.