Field-Scale Effective Matrix Diffusion Coefficient for FracturedRock: Results From Literature Survey

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Matrix diffusion is an important mechanism for solutetransport in fractured rock. We recently conducted a literature survey onthe effective matrix diffusion coefficient, Dem, a key parameter fordescribing matrix diffusion processes at the field scale. Forty fieldtracer tests at 15 fractured geologic sites were surveyed and selectedfor study, based on data availability and quality. Field-scale Dem valueswere calculated, either directly using data reported in the literature orby reanalyzing the corresponding field tracer tests. Surveyed dataindicate that the effective-matrix-diffusion-coefficient factor FD(defined as the ratio of Dem to the lab-scale matrix diffusioncoefficient [Dem]of the same tracer) is generally larger than one,indicating that the ... continued below

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Zhou, Quanlin; Liu, Hui Hai; Molz, Fred J.; Zhang, Yingqi & Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S. March 28, 2005.

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Matrix diffusion is an important mechanism for solutetransport in fractured rock. We recently conducted a literature survey onthe effective matrix diffusion coefficient, Dem, a key parameter fordescribing matrix diffusion processes at the field scale. Forty fieldtracer tests at 15 fractured geologic sites were surveyed and selectedfor study, based on data availability and quality. Field-scale Dem valueswere calculated, either directly using data reported in the literature orby reanalyzing the corresponding field tracer tests. Surveyed dataindicate that the effective-matrix-diffusion-coefficient factor FD(defined as the ratio of Dem to the lab-scale matrix diffusioncoefficient [Dem]of the same tracer) is generally larger than one,indicating that the effective matrix diffusion coefficient in the fieldis comparatively larger than the matrix diffusion coefficient at therock-core scale. This larger value could be attributed to the manymass-transfer processes at different scales in naturally heterogeneous,fractured rock systems. Furthermore, we observed a moderate trend towardsystematic increase in the emDFmDDF value with observation scale,indicating that the effective matrix diffusion coefficient is likely tobe statistically scale dependent. The FD value ranges from 1 to 10,000for observation scales from 5 to 2,000 m. At a given scale, the FD valuevaries by two orders of magnitude, reflecting the influence of differingdegrees of fractured rock heterogeneity at different sites. In addition,the surveyed data indicate that field-scale longitudinal dispersivitygenerally increases with observation scale, which is consistent withprevious studies. The scale-dependent field-scale matrix diffusioncoefficient (and dispersivity) may have significant implications forassessing long-term, large-scale radionuclide and contaminant transportevents in fractured rock, both for nuclear waste disposal and contaminantremediation.

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  • Journal Name: Journal of Contaminated Hydrology; Journal Volume: 93; Journal Issue: 1-4; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 08/15/2007

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  • Report No.: LBNL--57368
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 929003
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc897878

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  • March 28, 2005

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Sept. 30, 2016, 2:41 p.m.

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Zhou, Quanlin; Liu, Hui Hai; Molz, Fred J.; Zhang, Yingqi & Bodvarsson, Gudmundur S. Field-Scale Effective Matrix Diffusion Coefficient for FracturedRock: Results From Literature Survey, article, March 28, 2005; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc897878/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.