Application Of The Climafor Baseline To Determine Leakage: TheCase Of Scolel Te. Page: 4 of 29
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maintained parcels of land with mature and secondary forest, but as his or her family is continuously
growing, the remaining farmers' forests are disappearing rapidly. Additionally the slash-and-burn systems is
rapidly converting from long fallow with short cropping systems to short fallow and long cropping systems,
also contributing to the deforestation trend. The 1992 change in the Mexican Land Tenure Law (Article 27)
gives legal title to the rural communities for the land they manage as an ejido or community. The new Law
allows rural farmers legal status to establish join ventures with investors, so that capital can be invested in
alternative land-use systems. To ensure mutually profitable and just partnerships, farmers' organizations are
playing an important role in the negotiations between the farmers they represent and interested investors (De
Jong et al, 1997).
Since 1997, the Scolel T6 project is selling voluntary carbon credits to national and international
institutions interested in off-setting their emissions. The funds obtained are used to provide financial
incentives and technical assistance to farmers interested to participate in the project (De Jong et al, 2004).
Currently about 900 farmers of 8 ethnical groups located in 43 communities spread out over a large area of
Chiapas and four communities (one in Chiapas and three in Oaxaca) are participating in the project.
Currently about 1000 ha have been reforested (predominantly shade trees for coffee, fallow enrichment
planting and Taungya) and almost 4000 has are registered as community conservation plots. Farmers or
communities voluntarily submit a proposal to a local trust fund Fondo Bioclimatico (FBC) in which they
present a "working plan" known as Plan Vivo. The Plan Vivo System (www.planvivo.org) is used to register
and monitor carbon sequestration activities implemented by farmers and communities. Local promoters help
farmers design their Plan Vivo, which is constructed around the needs and resources of the producer's
family or community. The main component of the Plan Vivo is an annotated map of the entire producer's
land showing the different fields that he/she/they own and the land use or vegetation type of each plot. On
this map, the producer or community marks, which plot will be incorporated in the project and what activity
will be implemented. The remainder of his land where no project activities will take place can then be used
for leakage assessment (Figure 1).
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De Jong, B.H.J.; Bazan, E. Esquivel & Quechulpa Montalvo, S. Application Of The Climafor Baseline To Determine Leakage: TheCase Of Scolel Te., article, June 1, 2007; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc897539/m1/4/: accessed June 24, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.