Application Of The Climafor Baseline To Determine Leakage: TheCase Of Scolel Te. Page: 3 of 29
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While the potential for leakage does not necessarily make a project unattractive, strategies need to
be developed to either mitigate and/or account for it (Sohngen & Brown 2004). Brown et al (2000) point out
that to date two approaches have been used and proposed to monitor leakage: project-level and regional
level. The regional approach involves defining a regional baseline, in which leakage can be internalized, the
project-level approach involves identifying key indicators of leakage on the basis of demand that drives
land-use change and management upfront that allows incorporating additional activities if the project
appears vulnerable to leakage.
A few studies estimating potential leakage in current carbon projects are beginning to emerge.
The goal of our project is to pose hypotheses for and to assess and quantify leakage from an ongoing
forestry carbon sequestration project. Such a study will: increase the ability to identify possible sources of
leakage, and provide analytical methods for assessing leakage. The study is based on the 6-year experience
of the Scolel T6 project in Chiapas, Mexico, where small-scale farmers are implementing forestry,
agroforestry, and forest conservation activities, with carbon sequestration as one of the goals.
2 The Scolel Th Project.
The project is located in Chiapas, where tropical rain forests, pine-oak forests, and montane rain forests are
among the important vegetation types. The majority of the rural communities consist of subsistence or semi-
subsistence farmers, who rely heavily on forest resources for fuel wood, construction materials, and food
supplements. Traditional land-use includes slash-and-burn agriculture, extensive pasture and perennial cash
crops, such as coffee, cacao, and fruits. Large areas are subject to processes of deforestation and land
degradation due to increasing population pressure without economic alternatives to increase sustainable
production. Estimated deforestation rates are among the highest of Mexico (De Jong et al, 1999; 2000).
About 80% of the territory is under a communal form of tenure known as ejido. Within the ejido, families -
members of the ejido - hold agricultural land in private usufruct, whereas forestland and barren areas are
often kept and managed as common resources. Farmers are given usufruct of land varying in size between
about 10-50 ha, depending on type of land and land use, land availability, etc. Traditionally the farmers
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De Jong, B.H.J.; Bazan, E. Esquivel & Quechulpa Montalvo, S. Application Of The Climafor Baseline To Determine Leakage: TheCase Of Scolel Te., article, June 1, 2007; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc897539/m1/3/: accessed November 13, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.