Analysis of pumping-induced unsaturated regions beneath aperennial river

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The presence of an unsaturated region beneath a streambedduring groundwater pumping near streams reduces the pumping capacity whenit reaches the well screens, changes flow paths, and alters the types ofbiological transformations in the streambed sediments. Athree-dimensional, multi-phase flow model of two horizontal collectorwells along the Russian River near Forestville, California was developedto investigate the impact of varying the ratio of the aquifer tostreambed permeability on (1) the formation of an unsaturated regionbeneath the stream, (2) the pumping capacity, (3) stream-water fluxesthrough the streambed, and (4) stream-water travel times to the collectorwells. The aquifer to streambed permeability ratio at which theunsaturated ... continued below

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Su, G.W.; Jasperse, J.; Seymour, D.; Constantz, J. & Zhou, Q. May 15, 2007.

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The presence of an unsaturated region beneath a streambedduring groundwater pumping near streams reduces the pumping capacity whenit reaches the well screens, changes flow paths, and alters the types ofbiological transformations in the streambed sediments. Athree-dimensional, multi-phase flow model of two horizontal collectorwells along the Russian River near Forestville, California was developedto investigate the impact of varying the ratio of the aquifer tostreambed permeability on (1) the formation of an unsaturated regionbeneath the stream, (2) the pumping capacity, (3) stream-water fluxesthrough the streambed, and (4) stream-water travel times to the collectorwells. The aquifer to streambed permeability ratio at which theunsaturated region was initially observed ranged from 10 to 100. The sizeof the unsaturated region beneath the streambed increased as the aquiferto streambed permeability ratio increased. The simulations also indicatedthat for a particular aquifer permeability, decreasing the streambedpermeability by only a factor of 2-3 from the permeability wheredesaturation initially occurred resulted in reducing the pumpingcapacity. In some cases, the stream-water fluxes increased as thestreambed permeability decreased. However, the stream water residencetimes increased and the fraction of stream water that reached that thewells decreased as the streambed permeability decreased, indicating thata higher streambed flux does not necessarily correlate to greaterrecharge of stream water around the wells.

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  • Journal Name: Water Resources Research; Journal Volume: 0; Journal Issue: 0; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 0

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  • Report No.: LBNL--63048
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 932691
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc897458

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  • May 15, 2007

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 22, 2016, 6:16 p.m.

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Su, G.W.; Jasperse, J.; Seymour, D.; Constantz, J. & Zhou, Q. Analysis of pumping-induced unsaturated regions beneath aperennial river, article, May 15, 2007; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc897458/: accessed September 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.