Optimization of Acetylene Black Conductive Additive andPolyvinylidene Difluoride Composition for High Power RechargeableLithium-Ion Cells

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Fundamental electrochemical methods were applied to study the effect of the acetylene black (AB) and the polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) polymer binder on the performance of high-power designed rechargeable lithium ion cells. A systematic study of the AB/PVDF long-range electronic conductivity at different weight ratios is performed using four-probe direct current tests and the results reported. There is a wide range of AB/PVDF ratios that satisfy the long-range electronic conductivity requirement of the lithium-ion cathode electrode; however, a significant cell power performance improvement is observed at small AB/PVDF composition ratios that are far from the long-range conductivity optimum of 1 to ... continued below

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Liu, G.; Zheng, H.; Battaglia, V.S.; Simens, A.S.; Minor, A.M. & Song, X. July 1, 2007.

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Fundamental electrochemical methods were applied to study the effect of the acetylene black (AB) and the polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF) polymer binder on the performance of high-power designed rechargeable lithium ion cells. A systematic study of the AB/PVDF long-range electronic conductivity at different weight ratios is performed using four-probe direct current tests and the results reported. There is a wide range of AB/PVDF ratios that satisfy the long-range electronic conductivity requirement of the lithium-ion cathode electrode; however, a significant cell power performance improvement is observed at small AB/PVDF composition ratios that are far from the long-range conductivity optimum of 1 to 1.25. Electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) tests indicate that the interfacial impedance decreases significantly with increase in binder content. The hybrid power pulse characterization results agree with the EIS tests and also show improvement for cells with a high PVDF content. The AB to PVDF composition plays a significant role in the interfacial resistance. We believe the higher binder contents lead to a more cohesive conductive carbon particle network that results in better overall all local electronic conductivity on the active material surface and hence reduced charge transfer impedance.

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  • Journal Name: Journal of the Electrochemical Society; Journal Volume: 6; Related Information: Journal Publication Date: 2007

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  • Report No.: LBNL--63662
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 923022
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc897239

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  • July 1, 2007

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Sept. 30, 2016, 12:29 p.m.

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Liu, G.; Zheng, H.; Battaglia, V.S.; Simens, A.S.; Minor, A.M. & Song, X. Optimization of Acetylene Black Conductive Additive andPolyvinylidene Difluoride Composition for High Power RechargeableLithium-Ion Cells, article, July 1, 2007; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc897239/: accessed September 24, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.