Scalable High Performance Message Passing over InfiniBand for Open MPI

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InfiniBand (IB) is a popular network technology for modern high-performance computing systems. MPI implementations traditionally support IB using a reliable, connection-oriented (RC) transport. However, per-process resource usage that grows linearly with the number of processes, makes this approach prohibitive for large-scale systems. IB provides an alternative in the form of a connectionless unreliable datagram transport (UD), which allows for near-constant resource usage and initialization overhead as the process count increases. This paper describes a UD-based implementation for IB in Open MPI as a scalable alternative to existing RC-based schemes. We use the software reliability capabilities of Open MPI to provide ... continued below

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Friedley, A.; Hoefler, T.; Leininger, M. L. & Lumsdaine, A. October 24, 2007.

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InfiniBand (IB) is a popular network technology for modern high-performance computing systems. MPI implementations traditionally support IB using a reliable, connection-oriented (RC) transport. However, per-process resource usage that grows linearly with the number of processes, makes this approach prohibitive for large-scale systems. IB provides an alternative in the form of a connectionless unreliable datagram transport (UD), which allows for near-constant resource usage and initialization overhead as the process count increases. This paper describes a UD-based implementation for IB in Open MPI as a scalable alternative to existing RC-based schemes. We use the software reliability capabilities of Open MPI to provide the guaranteed delivery semantics required by MPI. Results show that UD not only requires fewer resources at scale, but also allows for shorter MPI startup times. A connectionless model also improves performance for applications that tend to send small messages to many different processes.

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10 p. (0.2 MB)

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PDF-file: 10 pages; size: 0.2 Mbytes

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  • Presented at: Communication in Clusters and Cluster Computer Interconnected Systems, Aachen, Germany, Dec 12 - Dec 12, 2007

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  • Report No.: UCRL-CONF-235949
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 923113
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc896798

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  • October 24, 2007

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • April 13, 2017, 3:07 p.m.

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Friedley, A.; Hoefler, T.; Leininger, M. L. & Lumsdaine, A. Scalable High Performance Message Passing over InfiniBand for Open MPI, article, October 24, 2007; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc896798/: accessed September 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.