Search for a permanent electric dipole moment using liquid 129Xe

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Search for an electric dipole moment is one of the best motivated low-energy approaches for investigating physics beyond the Standard Model. Our experimental effort is focused on improving the limit on EDM in liquid 129Xe to put constraints on nuclear CP-violating interactions. High nuclear spin density and high electrical breakdown strength make 129Xe a promising medium for EDM searches. At the time the project started, the transverse nuclear spin relaxation time T2 of 129Xe was unknown. We made measurements of T2 using NMR spin-echo techniques and found that it is exceeds 1300 sec, the longest relaxation time ever measured in ... continued below

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ROMALIS, PROFESSOR MICHAEL November 24, 2008.

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Search for an electric dipole moment is one of the best motivated low-energy approaches for investigating physics beyond the Standard Model. Our experimental effort is focused on improving the limit on EDM in liquid 129Xe to put constraints on nuclear CP-violating interactions. High nuclear spin density and high electrical breakdown strength make 129Xe a promising medium for EDM searches. At the time the project started, the transverse nuclear spin relaxation time T2 of 129Xe was unknown. We made measurements of T2 using NMR spin-echo techniques and found that it is exceeds 1300 sec, the longest relaxation time ever measured in a liquid [1]. We also began to investigate non-linear dipolar interaction effects in a high-density spin-polarized liquid Xe. In the second iteration of the experiment we setup a high-Tc SQUID system in magnetic shields and performed detailed studies of Xe spin precession. We developed a model for non-linear dipolar interactions and found that for one set of conditions non-linear interactions can delay spin dephasing due to magnetic field gradients, while for another set of conditions they can lead to exponential amplification of the spin precession signals [2]. Our experimental data were in good quantitative agreement with predictions of the model. We also developed a series of numerical simulations to understand various imperfections in the system and made detailed experimental measurements to confirm these numerical predictions [3]. We demonstrated that non-linear interactions can amplify small precession signals and achieved an amplification factor of 10 [4]. This general phenomenon can be used in other precision measurements with non-linear interactions. We also explored practical applications of the liquid Xe system that we developed. We demonstrated that by mixing Xe with organic liquids, such as cyclopentane, one can enhance the proton spin polarization by a factor of 106 [5]. We have used this technique to perform the first measurement of the scalar J-coupling between nuclear spins in van-der-Waals molecules, something that has never been observed before. More recently, we constructed a liquid-He apparatus to acquire Xe spin precession data using a low-Tc SQUID and achieved a signal-to-noise ratio of 106. We are currently investigating factors affecting the stability of Xe spin precession signals in this system using a superconducting magnetic shield and a persistent current magnetic field coil.

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  • Report No.: DOE/ER/41227-1
  • Grant Number: FG02-02ER41227
  • DOI: 10.2172/941547 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 941547
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc896627

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  • November 24, 2008

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Jan. 9, 2018, 6:04 p.m.

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ROMALIS, PROFESSOR MICHAEL. Search for a permanent electric dipole moment using liquid 129Xe, report, November 24, 2008; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc896627/: accessed November 19, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.