Recent Advances in Developing Platinum Monolayer Electrocatalysts for the O2 Reduction Reaction Metadata

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Title

  • Main Title Recent Advances in Developing Platinum Monolayer Electrocatalysts for the O2 Reduction Reaction

Creator

  • Author: Vukmirovic,M.B.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Sasaki, K.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Zhou, W.-P.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Li, M.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Liu, P.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Wang, J.X.
    Creator Type: Personal
  • Author: Adzic, R.R.
    Creator Type: Personal

Contributor

  • Sponsor: United States. Department of Energy. Office of Science.
    Contributor Type: Organization
    Contributor Info: DOE - Office of Science

Publisher

  • Name: Brookhaven National Laboratory
    Place of Publication: United States

Date

  • Creation: 2008-09-15

Language

  • English

Description

  • Content Description: For Pt, the best single-element catalyst for many reactions, the question of content and loading is exceedingly important because of its price and availability. Using platinum as a fuel-cell catalyst in automotive applications will cause an unquantifiable increase in the demand for this metal. This big obstacle for using fuel cells in electric cars must be solved by decreasing the content of Pt, which is a great challenge of electrocatalysis Over the last several years we inaugurated a new class of electrocatalysts for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) based on a monolayer of Pt deposited on metal or alloy carbon-supported nanoparticles. The possibility of decreasing the Pt content in the ORR catalysts down to a monolayer level has a considerable importance because this reaction requires high loadings due to its slow kinetics. The Pt-monolayer approach has several unique features and some of them are: high Pt utilization, enhanced (or decreased) activity, enhanced stability, and direct activity correlations. The synthesis of Pt monolayer (ML) electrocatalysts was facilitated by our new synthesis method which allowed us to deposit a monolayer of Pt on various metals, or alloy nanoparticles [1, 2] for the cathode electrocatalyst. In this synthesis approach Pt is laid down by the galvanically displacing a Cu monolayer, which was deposited at underpotentials in a monolayer-limited reaction on appropriate metal substrate, with Pt after immersing the electrode in a K{sub 2}PtCl{sub 4} solution.

Subject

  • Keyword: Electrocatalysts
  • Keyword: Alloys
  • Keyword: Cathodes
  • Keyword: Oxygen
  • STI Subject Categories: 30 Direct Energy Conversion
  • Keyword: Synthesis
  • Keyword: Electrodes
  • Keyword: Kinetics
  • Keyword: Catalysts
  • Keyword: Stability
  • Keyword: Automobiles
  • Keyword: Fuel Cells
  • Keyword: Prices
  • Keyword: Platinum
  • Keyword: Availability

Source

  • Conference: 8th World Congress Nanocomposites 2008; San Diego, CA; 20080915 through 20080917

Collection

  • Name: Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports
    Code: OSTI

Institution

  • Name: UNT Libraries Government Documents Department
    Code: UNTGD

Resource Type

  • Article

Format

  • Text

Identifier

  • Report No.: BNL--81437-2008-CP
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-98CH10886
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 937157
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc896051