Microstructural Stability and Oxidation Resistance of 9-12 Chromium Steels at Elevated Temperatures

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Various martensitic 9-12 Cr steels are utilized currently in fossil fuel powered energy plants for their good elevated temperature properties such as creep strength, steam side oxidation resistance, fire side corrosion resistance, and thermal fatigue resistance. Need for further improvements on the properties of 9-12 Cr steels for higher temperature (>600oC) use is driven by the environmental concerns (i.e., improve efficiency to reduce emissions and fossil fuel consumption). In this paper, we will discuss the results of the research done to explore new subsitutional solute solution and precipitate hardening mechanisms for improved strength of 9-12 Cr martensitic steels. Stability of ... continued below

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Dogan, O.N.; Alman, D.E.; Jablonski, P.D. & Hawk, J.A. May 1, 2006.

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Various martensitic 9-12 Cr steels are utilized currently in fossil fuel powered energy plants for their good elevated temperature properties such as creep strength, steam side oxidation resistance, fire side corrosion resistance, and thermal fatigue resistance. Need for further improvements on the properties of 9-12 Cr steels for higher temperature (>600oC) use is driven by the environmental concerns (i.e., improve efficiency to reduce emissions and fossil fuel consumption). In this paper, we will discuss the results of the research done to explore new subsitutional solute solution and precipitate hardening mechanisms for improved strength of 9-12 Cr martensitic steels. Stability of the phases present in the steels will be evaluated for various temperature and time exposures. A comparison of microstructural properties of the experimental steels and commercial steels will also be presented. <br><br> The influence of a Ce surface treatment on oxidation behavior of a commercial (P91) and several experimental steels containing 9 to 12 weight percent Cr was examined at 650ºC in flowing dry and moist air. The oxidation behavior of all the alloys without the Ce modification was significantly degraded by the presence of moisture in the air during testing. For instance the weight gain for P91 was two orders of magnitude greater in moist air than in dry air. This was accompanied by a change in oxide scale from the formation of Cr-based scales in dry air to the formation of Fe-based scales in moist air. The Ce surface treatment was very effective in improving the oxidation resistance of the experimental steels in both moist and dry air. For instance, after exposure to moist air at 650ºC for 2000 hours, an experimental alloy with the cerium surface modification had a weight gain three orders of magnitude lower than the alloy without the Ce modification and two orders of magnitude lower than P91. The Ce surface treatment suppressed the formation of Fe-based scales and promoted the formation of more protective Cr-based scales. However, the Ce surface treatment was not effective in improving the resistance of P91. The results are discussed in terms of synergistic effects of constituent alloying elements.

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Publisher - in Proceedings of the 31st International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, Clearwater, FL, Coal Technology Association, Gaithersburg, MD, ISBN 0-932066-31-7, paper no. 87, pp. 717-728

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  • 31st International Technical Conference on Coal Utilization & Fuel Systems, Clearwater, FL, May 21-25, 2006

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  • Report No.: DOE/NETL-IR-2006-100
  • Grant Number: None cited
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 922944
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc896015

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  • May 1, 2006

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 4, 2016, 2:09 p.m.

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Dogan, O.N.; Alman, D.E.; Jablonski, P.D. & Hawk, J.A. Microstructural Stability and Oxidation Resistance of 9-12 Chromium Steels at Elevated Temperatures, article, May 1, 2006; (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc896015/: accessed August 21, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.