Electron Density Measurements in the National Spherical Torus Experiment Detached Divertor Region Using Stark Broadening of Deuterium Infrared Paschen Emission Lines

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Spatially resolved measurements of deuterium Balmer and Paschen line emission have been performed in the divertor region of the National Spherical Torus Experiment using a commercial 0.5 m Czerny-Turner spectrometer. While the Balmer emission lines, Balmer and Paschen continua in the ultraviolet and visible regions have been extensively used for tokamak divertor plasma temperature and density measurements, the diagnostic potential of infrared Paschen lines has been largely overlooked. We analyze Stark broadening of the lines corresponding to 2-n and 3-m transitions with principle quantum numbers n = 7-12 and m = 10-12 using recent Model Microfield Method calculations (C. Stehle ... continued below

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Soukhanovskii, V A; Johnson, D W; Kaita, R & Roquemore, A L April 27, 2007.

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Spatially resolved measurements of deuterium Balmer and Paschen line emission have been performed in the divertor region of the National Spherical Torus Experiment using a commercial 0.5 m Czerny-Turner spectrometer. While the Balmer emission lines, Balmer and Paschen continua in the ultraviolet and visible regions have been extensively used for tokamak divertor plasma temperature and density measurements, the diagnostic potential of infrared Paschen lines has been largely overlooked. We analyze Stark broadening of the lines corresponding to 2-n and 3-m transitions with principle quantum numbers n = 7-12 and m = 10-12 using recent Model Microfield Method calculations (C. Stehle and R. Hutcheon, Astron. Astrophys. Supl. Ser. 140, 93 (1999)). Densities in the range (5-50) x 10{sup 19} m{sup -3} are obtained in the recombining inner divertor plasma in 2-6 MW NBI H-mode discharges. The measured Paschen line profiles show good sensitivity to Stark effects, and low sensitivity to instrumental and Doppler broadening. The lines are situated in the near-infrared wavelength domain, where optical signal extraction schemes for harsh nuclear environments are practically realizable, and where a recombining divertor plasma is optically thin. These properties make them an attractive recombining divertor density diagnostic for a burning plasma experiment.

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PDF-file: 15 pages; size: 1.1 Mbytes

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  • Journal Name: Review of Sci. Instrum., vol. 77, no. 10, October 18, 2006, pp. 10F127; Journal Volume: 77; Journal Issue: 10

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JRNL-230636
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 940885
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc895228

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • April 27, 2007

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Dec. 5, 2016, 2:48 p.m.

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Soukhanovskii, V A; Johnson, D W; Kaita, R & Roquemore, A L. Electron Density Measurements in the National Spherical Torus Experiment Detached Divertor Region Using Stark Broadening of Deuterium Infrared Paschen Emission Lines, article, April 27, 2007; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc895228/: accessed October 19, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.