Observation of Bs-Bsbar Oscillations Using Partially Reconstructed Hadronic Bs Decays

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This thesis describes the contribution of partially reconstructed hadronic decays in the world's first observation of B{sub s}{sup 0}-{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} oscillations. The analysis is a core member of a suite of closely related studies whose combined time-dependent measurement of the B{sub s}{sup 0}-{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} oscillation frequency {Delta}m{sub s} is of historic significance. Using a data sample of 1 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF-II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, they find signals of 3150 partially reconstructed hadronic B{sub s} decays from the combined decay channels B{sub s}{sup ... continued below

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243 pages

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Miles, Jeffrey Robert & /MIT September 1, 2007.

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Description

This thesis describes the contribution of partially reconstructed hadronic decays in the world's first observation of B{sub s}{sup 0}-{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} oscillations. The analysis is a core member of a suite of closely related studies whose combined time-dependent measurement of the B{sub s}{sup 0}-{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} oscillation frequency {Delta}m{sub s} is of historic significance. Using a data sample of 1 fb{sup -1} of p{bar p} collisions at {radical}s = 1.96 TeV collected with the CDF-II detector at the Fermilab Tevatron, they find signals of 3150 partially reconstructed hadronic B{sub s} decays from the combined decay channels B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} D*{sub s}{sup -} {pi}{sup +} and B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} D{sub s}{sup -} {rho}{sup +} with D{sub s}{sup -} {yields} {phi}{pi}{sup -}. These events are analyzed in parallel with 2000 fully reconstructed B{sub s}{sup 0} {yields} D{sub s}{sup -} {pi}{sup +} (D{sub s}{sup -} {yields} {phi}{pi}{sup -}) decays. The treatment of the data is developed in stages of progressive complexity, using high-statistics samples of hadronic B{sup 0} and B{sup +} decays to study the attributes of partially reconstructed events. The analysis characterizes the data in mass and proper decay time, noting the potential of the partially reconstructed decays for precise measurement of B branching fractions and lifetimes, but consistently focusing on the effectiveness of the model for the oscillation measurement. They efficiently incorporate the measured quantities of each decay into a maximum likelihood fitting framework, from which they extract amplitude scans and a direct measurement of the oscillation frequency. The features of the amplitude scans are consistent with expected behavior, supporting the correctness of the calibrations for proper time uncertainty and flavor tagging dilution. The likelihood allows for the smooth combination of this analysis with results from other data samples, including 3500 fully reconstructed hadronic B{sub s} events and 61,500 partially reconstructed semileptonic B{sub s} events. The individual analyses show compelling evidence for B{sub s}{sup 0}-{bar B}{sub s}{sup 0} oscillations, and the combination yields a clear signal. The probability that random fluctuations could produce a comparable signature is 8 x 10{sup -8}, which exceeds the 5 standard deviations threshold of significance for observation. The discovery threshold would not be achieved without inclusion of the partially reconstructed hadronic decays. They measure {Delta}m{sub s} = 17.77 {+-} 0.10(stat) {+-} 0.07(syst) ps{sup -1} and extract |V{sub td}/V{sub ts}| = 0.2060 {+-} 0.0007(exp){sub -0.0060}{sup +0.0081}(theory), consistent with the Standard Model expectation.

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243 pages

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  • Report No.: FERMILAB-THESIS-2007-42
  • Grant Number: AC02-07CH11359
  • DOI: 10.2172/921520 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 921520
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc894921

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  • September 1, 2007

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 30, 2016, 1:40 p.m.

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Miles, Jeffrey Robert & /MIT. Observation of Bs-Bsbar Oscillations Using Partially Reconstructed Hadronic Bs Decays, thesis or dissertation, September 1, 2007; Batavia, Illinois. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc894921/: accessed September 26, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.