Development of High Resolution Scintillator Systems Based on Photocell Technology

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Inorganic scintillator/photomultiplier-based spectrometers are the systems of choice for a multitude of X-ray and gamma radiation measurement applications. Despite widespread use, they have numerous shortcomings. The most serious shortcoming is the relatively poor energy resolution that makes isotope identification problematic, particularly in the case of trace quantities. Energy resolution in scintillator/photomultiplier tube (PMT) spectrometers is governed by a combination of the crystal intrinsic resolution that includes non-linearity effects, photomultiplier statistics, and the variability in the probability of a scintillation photon generating a photoelectron at the photocathode. It is evident that energy resolution in these systems is linked to both the ... continued below

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Kernan, W. J.; Franks, L. A.; Groza, M. & Burger, A. January 1, 2006.

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Inorganic scintillator/photomultiplier-based spectrometers are the systems of choice for a multitude of X-ray and gamma radiation measurement applications. Despite widespread use, they have numerous shortcomings. The most serious shortcoming is the relatively poor energy resolution that makes isotope identification problematic, particularly in the case of trace quantities. Energy resolution in scintillator/photomultiplier tube (PMT) spectrometers is governed by a combination of the crystal intrinsic resolution that includes non-linearity effects, photomultiplier statistics, and the variability in the probability of a scintillation photon generating a photoelectron at the photocathode. It is evident that energy resolution in these systems is linked to both the physics of light generation in the scintillator and the characteristics of the PMT. PMTs also present design problems, especially in the case of handheld and portable instruments, due to their considerable weight and volume. Additionally, PMTs require well-regulated high voltage, and are vulnerable to magnetic fields. The objective of this work is to provide instrument designers of scintillation-based gamma-ray spectrometers with superior energy resolution and greatly reduced weight and volume. It is planned to achieve this advancement by optimizing the performance of a new class of inorganic scintillators by matching their emission spectra with the enhanced quantum efficiency of certain photocells.

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  • Report No.: DOE/NV/11718--1234
  • Grant Number: DE-AC08-96NV11718
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 935046
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc894810

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Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • January 1, 2006

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • March 15, 2018, 4:24 p.m.

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Kernan, W. J.; Franks, L. A.; Groza, M. & Burger, A. Development of High Resolution Scintillator Systems Based on Photocell Technology, article, January 1, 2006; United States. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc894810/: accessed October 17, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.