Calculation of Radiation Damage in SLAC Targets

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Ti-6Al-4V alloys are being considered as a positron producing target in the Next Linear Collider, with an incident photon beam and operating temperatures between room temperature and 300 C. Calculations of displacement damage in Ti-6Al-4V alloys have been performed by combining high-energy particle FLUKA simulations with SPECTER calculations of the displacement cross section from the resulting energy-dependent neutron flux plus the displacements calculated from the Lindhard model from the resulting energy-dependent ion flux. The radiation damage calculations have investigated two cases, namely the damage produced in a Ti-6Al-4V SLAC positron target where the irradiation source is a photon beam with ... continued below

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Wirth, B D; Monasterio, P & Stein, W April 3, 2008.

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Ti-6Al-4V alloys are being considered as a positron producing target in the Next Linear Collider, with an incident photon beam and operating temperatures between room temperature and 300 C. Calculations of displacement damage in Ti-6Al-4V alloys have been performed by combining high-energy particle FLUKA simulations with SPECTER calculations of the displacement cross section from the resulting energy-dependent neutron flux plus the displacements calculated from the Lindhard model from the resulting energy-dependent ion flux. The radiation damage calculations have investigated two cases, namely the damage produced in a Ti-6Al-4V SLAC positron target where the irradiation source is a photon beam with energies between 5 and 11 MeV. As well, the radiation damage dose in displacements per atom, dpa, has been calculated for a mono-energetic 196 MeV proton irradiation experiment performed at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BLIP experiment). The calculated damage rate is 0.8 dpa/year for the Ti-6Al-4V SLAC photon irradiation target, and a total damage exposure of 0.06 dpa in the BLIP irradiation experiment. In both cases, the displacements are predominantly ({approx}80%) produced by recoiling ions (atomic nuclei) from photo-nuclear collisions or proton-nuclear collisions, respectively. Approximately 25% of the displacement damage results from the neutrons in both cases. Irradiation effects studies in titanium alloys have shown substantial increases in the yield and ultimate strength of up to 500 MPa and a corresponding decrease in uniform ductility for neutron and high energy proton irradiation at temperatures between 40 and 300 C. Although the data is limited, there is an indication that the strength increases will saturate by doses on the order of a few dpa. Microstructural investigations indicate that the dominant features responsible for the strength increases were dense precipitation of a {beta} (body-centered cubic) phase precipitate along with a high number density of dislocation loops.

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PDF-file: 15 pages; size: 0.3 Mbytes

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  • Report No.: LLNL-SR-402698
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • DOI: 10.2172/945152 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 945152
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc894786

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  • April 3, 2008

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 22, 2016, 9:49 p.m.

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Wirth, B D; Monasterio, P & Stein, W. Calculation of Radiation Damage in SLAC Targets, report, April 3, 2008; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc894786/: accessed July 21, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.