Demonstrating fractal scaling of residence time distributions on the catchment scale using a fully-coupled, variably-saturated groundwater and land surface model and a Lagrangian particle tracking approach

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The influence of the vadose zone, land surface processes, and macrodispersion on scaling behavior of residence time distributions (RTDs) is studied using a fully coupled watershed model in conjunction with a Lagrangian, particle-tracking approach. Numerical experiments are used to simulate groundwater flow paths from recharge locations along the hillslope to the streambed. These experiments are designed to isolate the influences of topography, vadose zone/land surface processes, and macrodispersion on subsurface RTDs of tagged parcels of water. The results of these simulations agree with previous observations that RTDs exhibit fractal behavior, which can be identified from the power spectra. For cases ... continued below

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Kollet, S J & Maxwell, R M November 7, 2007.

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The influence of the vadose zone, land surface processes, and macrodispersion on scaling behavior of residence time distributions (RTDs) is studied using a fully coupled watershed model in conjunction with a Lagrangian, particle-tracking approach. Numerical experiments are used to simulate groundwater flow paths from recharge locations along the hillslope to the streambed. These experiments are designed to isolate the influences of topography, vadose zone/land surface processes, and macrodispersion on subsurface RTDs of tagged parcels of water. The results of these simulations agree with previous observations that RTDs exhibit fractal behavior, which can be identified from the power spectra. For cases incorporating residence times that are influenced by vadose zone/land surface processes, increasing macrodispersion increases the slope of the power spectra. In general the opposite effect is demonstrated if the vadose zone/land surface processes are neglected. The concept of the spectral slope being a measure of stationarity is raised and discussed.

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PDF-file: 18 pages; size: 0.4 Mbytes

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  • Journal Name: Geophysical Research Letters, vol. 35, L07402, April 2, 2008, pp. 1-6; Journal Volume: 35

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  • Report No.: UCRL-JRNL-236499
  • Grant Number: W-7405-ENG-48
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 943807
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc894604

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  • November 7, 2007

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  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Dec. 5, 2016, 1:31 p.m.

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Kollet, S J & Maxwell, R M. Demonstrating fractal scaling of residence time distributions on the catchment scale using a fully-coupled, variably-saturated groundwater and land surface model and a Lagrangian particle tracking approach, article, November 7, 2007; Livermore, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc894604/: accessed May 26, 2018), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.