ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC SOLIDS. II: EFFECTS OF ADDEDELECTRON ACCEPTOR ON METAL-FREE PHTHALOCYANINE

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The addition of ortho-chloranil to the surface of films of metal-free phthalocyanine has been found (a) to increase the dark conductivity of such films by as much as 10{sup 7}, (b) to increase the steady-state photoconductivity by as much as 10{sup 5}, and (c) to result in the formation of unpaired electrons whose concentration decreases reversibly as a result of illumination. These systems exhibit a light-induced polarization, the phthalocyanine layer becoming more positive with respect t o the ortho-chloranil layer. Kinetic studies demonstrate that, upon illumination, a single process (time constant = 40 seconds) results in the increase in conductivity, ... continued below

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19 p.

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Kearns, David R.; Tollin, Gordon & Calvin, Melvin July 29, 1959.

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Description

The addition of ortho-chloranil to the surface of films of metal-free phthalocyanine has been found (a) to increase the dark conductivity of such films by as much as 10{sup 7}, (b) to increase the steady-state photoconductivity by as much as 10{sup 5}, and (c) to result in the formation of unpaired electrons whose concentration decreases reversibly as a result of illumination. These systems exhibit a light-induced polarization, the phthalocyanine layer becoming more positive with respect t o the ortho-chloranil layer. Kinetic studies demonstrate that, upon illumination, a single process (time constant = 40 seconds) results in the increase in conductivity, the decrease in unpaired spins, and the increase in polarization. The results are consistent with the following scheme. An electron transfer from phthalocyanine to ortho-chloranil occurs in the dark at room temperature, producing holes in the phthalocyanine layer and ortho-chloranil negative ion radicals (high conductivity, ESR signal). Illumination results in the transfer of an electron from an excited phthalocyanine molecule to the ortho-chloranil negative ion, producing further phthalocyanine holes and ortho-chloranil double-negative ion (increase in conductivity, increase in polarization, decrease in ESR signal). By equating spin concentration with charge - carrier concentration (phthalocyanine holes) it is possible to calculate a mobility of 10{sup -4} cm{sup 2}/volt/sec for holes in the phthalocyanine layer. By use of this value, a quantum yield of unity is calculated for the production of charge carriers in doped phthalocyanine. The experiments indicate a quantum yield of less than 10-1 for undoped phthalocyanine. The over-all results of adding a strong electron acceptor to a film of phthalocyanine are thus t o (a) produce charge carriers in the dark, (b) increase the quantum yield for production of charge carriers by light, and (c) increase charge-carrier lifetime.

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19 p.

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  • Report No.: UCRL--8844
  • Grant Number: DE-AC02-05CH11231
  • DOI: 10.2172/919684 | External Link
  • Office of Scientific & Technical Information Report Number: 919684
  • Archival Resource Key: ark:/67531/metadc894590

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Office of Scientific & Technical Information Technical Reports

Reports, articles and other documents harvested from the Office of Scientific and Technical Information.

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  • July 29, 1959

Added to The UNT Digital Library

  • Sept. 27, 2016, 1:39 a.m.

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  • Nov. 3, 2016, 8:11 p.m.

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Kearns, David R.; Tollin, Gordon & Calvin, Melvin. ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES OF ORGANIC SOLIDS. II: EFFECTS OF ADDEDELECTRON ACCEPTOR ON METAL-FREE PHTHALOCYANINE, report, July 29, 1959; Berkeley, California. (digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc894590/: accessed November 23, 2017), University of North Texas Libraries, Digital Library, digital.library.unt.edu; crediting UNT Libraries Government Documents Department.